Home >> Encyclopedia-britannica-volume-01-a-anno >> Abhidhamma to Acanthocephala >> Ablative



ABLATIVE, in grammar, a case of the noun, the fundamen tal sense of which is direction from ; in Latin extended to the instrument or agent of an act, and the place or time at, and manner in, which a thing is done; also found in Sanskrit, Zend, Oscan, Umbrian and other languages. (Lat. ablatives, sc. casus, from ablatum, taken away.) The "ablative absolute," in Latin, consists of a noun in the ablative case, with a participle or qualifying word agreeing with it, not depending on any other part of the sentence, to express the time, occasion or circum stance of a fact.