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ABNAKI, a group of closely related and confederate Algonkin Indian tribes originally centring in Maine, now mainly in Quebec and New Brunswick. The name means "east land." They in cluded the Etchimin, Malecite, Passamaquoddy and Penobscot, often reckoned as distinct tribes. They fought the English colo fists, were friendly with the French, and in the i8th century most of the bands withdrew to French Canadian soil. They grew maize, hunted and fished, lived in conical houses of bark or mats, pali saded their villages, were divided into patrilineal totemic clans, and were typical northern woodland tribes. Their speech is close to the Algonkin dialects of the Great Lakes. About 2,00o survive.