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ABOLITIONIST, an advocate of the abolition of slavery. The term as used in the United States referred specifically to those persons who, during the years 183o-61, made it their mission to advocate the immediate abolition of negro slavery. In spite of riots, assaults and persecutions of every kind, they carried on their task by means of the press, tracts, lectures and petitions to Congress. Among the outstanding leaders of the abolitionist move ment were William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Lucretia Mott and John Brown. (See SLAVERY.)