Home >> Encyclopedia-britannica-volume-01-a-anno >> Abhidhamma to Acanthocephala >> Abomey



ABOMEY, capital of the ancient kingdorn•of Dahomey, West Africa, now included in the French colony of the same name. It is Tom. north by rail of the seaport of Kotonu, and has a popula tion of about 15,00o. Abomey is built on a plain, 800ft. above sea level. The town was surrounded by a mud wall, 6m. in cir cumference, with a ditch 5ft. deep, filled with a dense growth of prickly acacia, the usual defence of West African strongholds. There were six gates. Within the walls were villages separated by fields, several royal palaces, a market-place and a large square containing the barracks. In November 1892, Behanzin, the king of Dahomey, being defeated by the French, set fire to Abomey and fled northward. Under French administration the town has been rebuilt, placed (1905) in railway communication with the coast, and given an ample water supply.