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Abor Hills


ABOR HILLS, a tract of country On the north-east frontier of India, occupied by an independent tribe—the Abors, who are divided into clans. They live north of Lakhimpur, between the Miri and Mishmi hills in the extreme north of Assam, where the Brahmaputra (Dihang) debouches on to the plain. The country is exceedingly difficult and entirely mountainous and forest clad, with great rivers running for miles in rocky gorges, and unnavigable beyond Pasighat. Communication is only by the roughest tracks from village to village. The rainfall is very heavy. The term Abor is Assamese signifying "barbarous" and is applied by the Assamese to many frontier tribes; but is restricted especially to the above tract. The Abors frequently raided the plains of Assam. They were first visited by the English in 1826. From 1848 they carried out numerous raids and outrages on the neighbouring territory and several expeditions were sent against them, while a blockade was instituted from 1894-190o. .From 1911 onwards parties under military escort surveyed the border.