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Academie Nationale De Musique


ACADEMIE NATIONALE DE MUSIQUE, the offi cial title of the Paris Opera, also known as the Theatre National de l'Opera, founded by Louis XIV. in 1669 and the most famous institution of its kind in the world. Lully, an Italian by birth but naturalized as a Frenchman, was the first composer of note asso ciated with the Academie, of which he obtained control in 1672. Later Rameau became director and produced there nearly all of his many operas, and he was succeeded by Gluck as ruling spirit with Piccinni as his rival. Other eminent composers prominently identified with the Paris Opera subsequently included Spontini, Cherubini, Rossini, Meyerbeer, Auber, Gounod, Saint-Saens and Massenet. The present building of the Paris Opera, opened in 1875 and one of the most magnificent of its kind in existence, succeeded two others, both of which were destroyed by fire. Closely associated with the Paris Opera is the Conservatoire de Musique, founded in 1784 under the name Ecole royale de chant et de declamation for the purpose of training opera singers and later widened in scope to include musical teaching and training of every kind.