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Acadia or Acadie


ACADIA or ACADIE, a district in, what is now Nova Scotia and eastern New Brunswick, so named either because Ver razano called a part of the coast Arcadia in 1524, or from the Micmac acadie, fertile land, found in several place-names. Visited by Champlain in 1603 and by De Monts in 1604, and colonized by France, Acadia was a bone of contention in the wars between France and England. It became English under the treaty of Utrecht in 1713. In 1755 the inhabitants, numbering about 3,00o were deported by the English, who suspected their loyalty. This deportation is the theme of Longfellow's Evangeline. The Acadians were distributed among the English colonies. One party made its way to Bayou Teche, Louisiana, where Cable has de scribed their modern life. After the peace of 1763, about Boo returned to New Brunswick, where the name Acadien is still current.

See G. P. Bible, An Historical sketch of the Acadians (1892) ; H. F. Graham, The Acadian Exile (1919).