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AGADE, the capital city of "Sargon of Agade." The city is probably identical with Tal-ed-Deir, excavated by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge in 1891. The inscriptions suggest that it was near Sippar, and Langdon identifies it with Sippar-Yakhuru, admitting, how ever, that the identification is uncertain. At ed-Deir there is a massive city wall forming two sides of a triangle ; the third side was formed either by the Euphrates or by a canal. The main gate was at the western apex of the triangle. The city appears to have been constructed all at once, primarily as a fortress. Sargon, who is said to have been a gardener of Semitic origin at Kish, over threw the Sumerian power of Kish and for some unknown reason changed his capital to Agade.


A. Wallis Budge, By Nile and Tigris (1920) ; Bibliography.-E. A. Wallis Budge, By Nile and Tigris (1920) ; S. Langdon, Excavations at Kish (1924)