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AGATHON (c. B.c.), Athenian tragic poet, friend of Euripides and Plato. He won his first victory in 416 (at the Lenaea), and his plays seem to have been successful, de'spite their artificial style. He appears to have been the first to invent an original plot, and to write choral odes unconnected with the plot. His effeminacy made him a butt of Aristophanes. Before 4o6 he retired to the court of Archelaus, where he died.

See Aristotle, Poetica 9, and 18; Aristophanes, Thesmoph. 59, io6, Eccles. loo, Plato, Symp. 198 c.; Plutarch, Symp. 3 ; Aelian, Var. Hist. xiv. 13; Ritsch, Opuscu/a, i.; fragments in Nauck, Tragicorum Grae-_ corum Fragmenta. See also Haigh, Tragic Drama of the Greeks.