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ALTHIBUROS (mod. MEDEINA), an ancient city of Numidia on the road between Carthage and Theveste (Tebessa), which was constructed by Hadrian in 123 A.D., 22m. S. of Kef. The town, originally an indigenous settlement, obtained munici pal rights from Hadrian, like several other cities of North Africa. It enjoyed considerable prosperity in the 2nd and 3rd centuries after Christ, and was the seat of a bishop from the 5th to the beginning of the 8th century. There is a well-preserved triumphal arch on the site, and excavations have brought to light the ancient forum and the buildings surrounding it, includ ing two temples, a fallen arch erected in honour of Hadrian, the theatre and some houses with fine mosaic pavements.

See A. Merlin, Forum et Maisons d'Althiburos (1913) .