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Sir Thomas Erskine Holland


HOLLAND, SIR (THOMAS) ERSKINE English international jurist, son of Thomas Agar Holland, poet, and rector of Poynings, Sussex, was born on July 17, 1835, and educated at Brighton college and Balliol college, Oxford. He studied Greek philosophy and was elected Fellow of Exeter col lege. In 1863 he was called to the Bar (Lincoln's Inn), joining the Home Circuit. In 1874 he was appointed Vinerian Reader in English Law at Oxford, and later in the same year, on the resig nation of Dr. Bernard, Chichele Professor of International Law and Diplomacy, a post which he held for 36 years. In 1875 he became associate (and later member) of the Institut de Droit International, which held a meeting in Oxford on his invitation in 1880. The Naval Prize Act (1894) was drafted by him, and also the Admiralty Manual of Prize Law (1888) . He was particularly interested in law in its scientific and literary aspects, and in 1894 gained the Swiney Prize for his Elements of Jurisprudence (13 editions) . The War Office made use of his services in drafting orders for troops in the field, and these were subsequently co-ordi nated and published under the title of Laws of war on land (1904) . In 1903-5 he served on the Royal Commission on the Supply of Food in Time of War and attended the Geneva Con ference (1906) as plenipotentiary. In 1917 he received his knight hood. He died on May 24, 1926. He had five sons, including Sir Robert Erskine Holland, and one daughter.

law and international