IGOROT, a tribe of Luzon, in the Philippines, calling itself 1 f ugao : a name used separately also for a subtribe of Igorot and the linguistic equivalent of apayao, a name used for a member of the other group of Luzon tribes, which includes the Ilocano, Tin guian and Kalinga groups. (See TINCUIAN.) Their political unit is a village State, divided into wards with separate buildings for the unmarried of either sex, regulated by the old men, and having a graded nobility of wealth. Irrigated rice is cultivated, buffalos, pigs, fowls and dogs are kept, the latter being eaten. Marriage is forbidden to first cousins and monogamy prevails. Tattooing is practised, the sun being tattooed on the back of the hand (cf. KAREN) . The spear and axe are the weapons used; gold, copper and iron are mined, smelted and worked, the piston-bellows being employed, and metal cast by the cire perdue process. The dead are dried in a sitting posture and are placed on their backs in graves or caves, wooden figures being made to accommodate the soul. Near each village is a spirit tree. Souls dying natural deaths are also believed to go to a home of the dead under ground, while those dying in battle or child-birth ascend to heaven (cf. DAFLA), the abode of Lumawig, who is worshipped as a Creator and cul ture hero. Rich men are buried in terraces. Head-hunting (q.v.) is practised (cf. NAGA, and AsIA : Ethnology) .
See Jenks, Bontoc Igorot (19o5).