ATKINSON, ROBERT (1839-1908), British philologist, was educated at Trinity college, Dublin. He became professor of Romance languages there in 1869, and in 1871 was professor of Sanskrit and comparative philology. In 1884 he became Todd professor of Celtic languages in the Irish academy. In Celtic studies Atkinson was a pioneer. He edited : The Passions and Homilies from the Leabhar Breac (1887); Three Shafts of Death (Tri Bior-gaoithe an Bhais, 1890), and also wrote introductions for many of the facsimiles issued by the Irish academy.