BIBACULUS, MARCUS FURIUS, Roman poet, flour ished during the last century of the republic. According to Jerome, he was born at Cremona in 103 B.c. He wrote satirical poems after the manner of Catullus, whose bitterness he rivalled, according to Quintilian (Instit. x. I. 196), in his iambics. He even attacked Augustus (and perhaps Caesar), (Tac. Ann. IV. 34). He was also author of prose Lucubrationes, and perhaps of an epic poem on Caesar's Gallic Wars (Pragmatia Belli Gallici). Otto Ribbeck attributes to him one of the shorter poems usually assigned to Virgil. It is doubtful whether he is the person ridi culed by Horace (Satires, ii. 5, 4o) and whether he is identical with the turgidus Alpinus (Satires, i. io, 36), the author of an Aethiopis and of a poem on the Rhine.
See Weichert, "De M. Furio Bibaculo," in his Poetarum Latinorum Reliquiae (183o) ; fragments in L. Muller's edition of Catullus in the Teubner Series (187o) .