CHARMES, FRANCIS (1848-1916), French journalist and politician, was born at Aurillac, Cantal, on April 21, 1848. He was educated at Aurillac and at the lycees of Clermont-Ferrand and Poitiers. He was editor of the Journal des Debats from 1872 to 188o, and from 1889 to 1907. During the interval he served in the political department of the Foreign office. He sat in the chamber of deputies from 1881 to 1885 and from 1889 to 1898, and in 1900 became a senator. Charmes is, however, best known for his con nection with the Revue des Deux Mondes. In 1893 he began his famous political writings in the Revue, and in 1907 became its editor. His literary and political articles were one of the features of French literary history during the last years of the 19th cen tury. He died in Paris on Jan. 4, 1916.