BERT, DUKE OF (1850- ), third son and seventh child of Queen Victoria, was born at Buckingham Palace on May i, 185o. In 1874 he was created duke of Connaught and Strathearn and earl of Sussex. He was entered at the Royal Military Acad emy, Woolwich, in 1866, and gazetted to the Royal Engineers in 1868. Promoted captain in the Rifle Brigade in 1871, and lieu tenant-colonel in 1876, he became general in 1893. The duke served with the expeditionary force in Egypt (1882), and com manded the Guards brigade at Tel-el-Kebir. In 1886 he went to India, where he commanded the Bombay army until 1890. On his return home he held command in the southern district (189o 93) , and at Aldershot (1893-98 ), and in 190o succeeded Lord Roberts as commander-in-chief in Ireland. On the re-organization of the War Office in 1904, he held the new office of inspector-gen eral to the forces until 1907, when he was made commander-in chief in the Mediterranean. In 1910 the duke opened the Union Parliament of South Africa on behalf of King George V. He succeeded Earl Grey as governor-general and commander-in-chief of Canada (1911-16) ; and in 192o he went to India as the repre sentative of the ling, to inaugurate the provincial legislative coun cils of Madras, Bengal and Bombay.
On March 13, 1879, the duke married Princess Louise Mar guerite of Prussia, third daughter of Prince Frederick Charles, who died in London on March 14, 1917. The duke's only son, Prince Arthur (1883-1938) . was married, in 1913, to Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, daughter of the Princess Royal, who had succeeded in 1912 to her father's dukedom by special re mainder. Prince Arthur held the post of governor-general of the Union of South Africa from 192o until Dec. 1923. The duke of Connaught's elder daughter, Margaret (1882-192o) was married in 1905 to the crown prince of Sweden, and died at Stockholm on May 1, 1920. The younger daughter, Patricia (b. 1886) , resigned her royal title on her marriage, in 1919, with the Hon. Alexander Robert Maule Ramsay, third son of the 13th earl of Dalhousie, and became known as Lady Patricia Ramsay.