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Jean Pierre Claris De Florian


FLORIAN, JEAN PIERRE CLARIS DE French poet and romance writer, was born at the château of Florian, near Sauve, in the department of Gard. His uncle and guardian, the marquis of Florian, who had married a niece of Voltaire, introduced him at Ferney and in 1768 he became page at Anet in the household of the duke of Penthievre, who re mained his friend throughout his life. He then studied at the artillery school at Bapaume and became a captain of dragoons. On the outbreak of the French Revolution he retired to Sceaux, but he was soon discovered and imprisoned; and though his im prisonment was short he survived his release only a few months, dying on Sept. 13, 1794. His famous collection of Fables ap peared in 1792. Florian imitated Salomon Gessner, the Swiss idyllist, and his style has all the artificial delicacy and sentimen tality of the Gessnerian school. Among the best of his fables are reckoned "The Monkey showing the Magic Lantern," "The Blind Man and the Paralytic" and "The Monkeys and the Leopard." He also wrote plays, pastoral novels and romances.

The best edition of Florian's

Oeuvres completes appeared in Paris in 16 volumes, 182o; his Oeuvres inedites in 4 volumes, 1824.

See "Vie de Florian," by L. F. Jauffret, prefixed to his Oeuvres posthumes (1802) ; A. J. N. de Rosny, Vie de Florian (Paris, An V.) ; Sainte-Beuve, Causeries du lundi, t. iii. ; A. de Montvaillant, sa vie, ses oeuvres (1879) ; Lettres de Florian a Mme de la Briche, published, with a notice by the baron de Barante, Melanges published (1903) by the Societe des bibliophiles f rancais ; G. Gaillard, Florian, sa vie, son oeuvre (1912) .

vie and oeuvres