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Jonathan Eybeschutz


EYBESCHUTZ, JONATHAN German rabbi, was from 175o rabbi in Altona. A man of erudition and personality, Eybeschutz became specially notorious because of a curious controversy concerning the amulets which he was sus pected of issuing. These amulets recognized the Messianic claims of Sabbatai Sebi (q.v.), and a famous rabbinic contemporary of Eybeschutz, Jacob Emden, boldly accused him of heresy. Though there is insufficient evidence against Eybeschutz, Emden may be credited with having crushed the lingering belief in Sabbatai cur rent even in some orthodox circles. For a list of Eybeschiitz's works see Jewish Encyclopedia.