FORAKER, JOSEPH BENSON (1846-1917), American political leader, was born near Rainsboro, Highland county, Ohio, on July 5, 1846. He passed his early life on a farm, enlisted as a private in July 1862, served throughout the Civil War and in 1865 received a captain's brevet. After the war he spent two years at the Ohio Wesleyan university and two years at Cornell. In 1869 he was admitted to the Ohio bar and practised law with great success in Cincinnati. He was a judge of the Cincinnati superior court from 1879 to 1882, and from 1885 to 1889 was governor of Ohio. In 1896 he was elected United States senator, was re-elected in 1902 and served until 1909. In the Senate he was one of the aggressive Republican leaders, strongly supporting the administration of President McKinley in the debates preced ing, during and immediately following the Spanish-American War. During the administration of President Roosevelt he vigorously opposed various measures advocated by the President, and led the opposition to the president's summary discharge of certain negro troops after the Brownsville raid of Aug. 13, 1906. (See BROWNS VILLE, Texas.) In 1916 he published Notes of a Busy Life. He died in Cincinnati on May 1o, 1917.