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Konstantin Fehrenbach


FEHRENBACH, KONSTANTIN (1852-1926) German statesman, chancellor of the Reich, was born at Wellendingen on Jan. 11, 1852, the son of an elementary schoolmaster. He was a member of the Baden second chamber (1885-87 and 1901-13), and acted from 1907-1909 as its president. He entered the Reichs tag in 1903, was its president in 1918, and presided over the national assembly 1919-2o. As soon as the results of the German general election (June 1920) became known the Muller cabinet resigned, and Fehrenbach became Chancellor with Dr. Simons as his foreign secretary. Fehrenbach himself was a member of the centre party with leanings towards the left, and was on good terms with the social democrats, on whose forbearance his government, which was in a minority in the Reichstag, depended. He conducted negotiations with the Allies at the Spa and London Conferences, 1920-21, and retired on May 4, 1921 in consequence of the failure of the London Conference of March and the consequent ulti matum by the Allies. As chairman of the Reichstag group of the centre party from 1924 he exercised considerable influence on politics until his death at Freiburg-im-Breisgau on March 26, 1926.