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Leonard Joseph Faucher


FAUCHER, LEONARD JOSEPH [LEoN] French politician and economist, was born at Limoges on Sept. 8, 1803. With the revolution of 183o he was drawn into active political journalism on the Liberal side. He was on the staff of the Temps from 183o to 1833, when he became editor of the Constitutionnel for a short time. He was editor from 1839 until 1842 of the Courrier Francais. Faucher belonged in policy to the dynastic Left, and consistently preached moderation to the more ardent Liberals. He advocated a customs union between the Latin countries to counterbalance the German Zollverein, but narrowed his proposal in 1842 to a customs union between France and Belgium. In 1843 he visited England to study the English social system, publishing the results of his investigations in a series of Etudes sur l'Angleterre (2 vols., 1845), published originally in the Revue des deux mondes. He helped to organize the Bordeaux association for free-trade propaganda, and was elected in 1847 to the chamber of deputies for Reims as a f ree trader. After the revolution of 1848 he represented the depart ment of Marne in the Constituent Assembly, where he opposed the limitation of the hours of labour, the creation of the national relief works in Paris and the abolition of the death penalty. Under the presidency of Louis Napoleon he became minister of public works, and then minister of the interior, but was com pelled to resign office on May 54, 1849. In 1851 he was again minister of the interior until Napoleon declared his intention of resorting to universal suffrage. He died at Marseilles on Dec. 14, His miscellaneous writings were collected (2 vols., 1856) as Melanges d'economie politique et de finance, and his speeches in the legislature were printed in vol. ii. of Leon Faucher, biographic et correspondance (2 vols, 1875).

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