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Lucius Cary Falkland

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FALKLAND, LUCIUS CARY, 2nd VISCOUNT (c. 1610 1643 ), son of Sir Henry Cary, afterwards 1st Viscount Falkland (d. 1633), lord deputy of Ireland from 1622 to 1629, was born either in 1609 or 161o, and was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. In 1625 he inherited from his grandfather the manors of Great Tew and Burford in Oxfordshire ; he married Lettice, daughter of Sir Richard Morrison. In 1633 he succeeded his father as Viscount Falkland. He assembled round him at Great Tew many learned men. He was the friend of Hales and Chilling worth, was celebrated by Jonson, Suckling, Cowley and Waller in verse, and in prose by Clarendon, who is eloquent in describing the virtues and genius of the "incomparable" Falkland, and draws a delightful picture of his society and hospitality.

Falkland served on the king's side as a volunteer under Essex in the campaign of 1639 against the Scots. In 1640 he was returned for Newport in the Isle of Wight to the Short and Long Parliaments, and took an active part on the side of the opposi tion. He spoke against the exaction of shipmoney on Dec. 7, 1640, denouncing the servile conduct of Lord Keeper Finch and the judges. He supported the prosecution of Strafford and voted for the third reading of the attainder. On the church ques tion he deprecated clerical encroachment in secular matters; on the other hand, though he denied that episcopacy existed lure divino, he was opposed to its abolition, fearing the estab lishment of the Presbyterian system, which in Scotland had proved equally tyrannical. In fact Falkland sought compromise but a bill simply excluding the clergy from secular offices failed, and on May 27, 1641 the Root and Branch Bill, for the total abolition of episcopacy, was introduced in the House of Commons. This measure Falkland opposed, as well as the second bill for excluding the bishops, introduced on Oct. 21. In the discussion on the Grand Remonstrance he took the part of the bishops and the Arminians. He was now definitely ranged against the policy of the parliament, and on Jan. 1, 1642, was persuaded by Hyde to accept the secretaryship of state, though he had little influence in the king's councils.

He signed the protestation against making war, at York on June 15, 1642. On Sept. 5 he carried Charles's overtures for peace to the parliament, when he informed the leaders of the opposition that the king consented to a thorough reformation of religion. The secret correspondence connected with the Waller plot passed through his hands. He was present with the king at Edgehill and at the siege of Gloucester. By this time the hopelessness of the situation had completely overwhelmed him, and he welcomed death on the battlefield as an escape from the catastrophe which he foresaw but saw no means of avoiding. Riding alone at a gap in a hedge commanded by the enemy's fire in the battle of Newbury (Sept. 20, 1643) , he was immediately killed. He was succeeded in the title by his eldest son, Lucius, 3rd Viscount Falkland, his male descent becoming extinct in the person of Anthony, 5th viscount, in 1694, when the viscounty passed to Lucius Henry (1687-173o), a descendant of the first viscount.

Falkland wrote a Discourse of Infallibility (1646) ; A Letter . . . 30 Sept. 1642 concerning the late conflict before Worcester (1642) ; and Poems (ed. A. B. Grosart, 1871, in Fuller's Worthies Library) in which he shows himself a follower of Ben Jonson.

See Lady M. T. Lewis, "Life of Falkland" in Lives of the Friends . of Lord Chancellor Clarendon, vol. i. p. 3 (1852) ; J. A. R. Mar riott, Life and Times of Lucius Cary, Viscount Falkland (19o7).

viscount, lord, bill, sept, passed and jonson