FEDERZONI, LUIGI ), Italian politician and journalist, was born at Bologna on Sept. 17, 1878. Educated at the university there, he took to journalism and literature, and for several years was on the staff of the Giornale d'Italia, Rome. In politics he was a Conservative, and became a warm supporter of the Nationalist movement. After the Florence Nationalist con gress in Dec. 191o, he helped to found the Idea Nazionale, at first the weekly and subsequently the daily organ of the Nationalist movement. At the elections of 1913 Federzoni was elected for one of the divisions of Rome. In the Chamber he never missed an opportunity to combat the Socialists, Republicans and Democrats. As soon as Italy intervened in the World War he joined the army as a lieutenant of artillery; he afterwards joined a trench mortar battery and was awarded a medal for valour. Federzoni supported Mussolini when the latter issued his manifesto of Oct. 26, 1922, announcing the march on Rome. In the Cabinet formed by Mussolini five days later Federzoni was Minister for the Colonies. In this capacity he provided for the reconquest of all the Libyan territories evacuated during the War, and proceeded to reorganise the whole colonial administration. After the Matteotti murder in June 1924, Mussolini selected Federzoni for the post of Minister of the Interior. He was minister for the Colonies in 1926-28, and president of the senate in 1929.