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Marino Falieri

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FALIERI, MARINO , doge of Venice, belonged to one of the oldest and most illustrious Venetian families and had served the republic with distinction in various capacities. In 1346 he commanded the Venetian land forces at the siege of Zara, where he was attacked by the Hungarians under King Louis the Great and totally defeated them ; this victory led to the surrender of the city. In Sept. 13J4, while absent on a mission to Pope Inno cent IV. at Avignon, Falieri was elected doge, an honour which apparently he had not sought. His reign began, as it was to end, in disaster, for very soon after his election the Venetian fleet was completely destroyed by the Genoese off the island of Sapienza, while plague and a declining commerce aggravated the situation. Falieri fretted under the constitutional restrictions of the ducal power, and the discontent of the arsenal hands at their treatment by the nobles offered him his opportunity. In concert with a sea captain named Bertuccio Ixarella (who had received a blow from the noble Giovanni Dandolo), Filippo Calendario, a stonemason, and others, a plot was laid to murder the chief patricians on April 15 and proclaim Falieri prince of Venice. The Council of Ten arrested the ringleaders; several of the conspirators were condemned to death and others to various terms of imprisonment. The doge was himself arrested; at the trial he confessed every thing, and was condemned and executed on April See Horatio Brown, Studies in Venetian History (19o7, with bibli ography) .

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