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The Home

women, proportion and married

THE HOME Having discussed some of the social problems of adult life centering in industry, involved in the activities of men and women in earning their living, we have next to ask what conditions are needed to assure a normal home life and what circumstances— especially what modifiable circumstances—are in terfering with its full realization.

We may notice, by way of preface, that marriage is popular in America, as well as work. Even among the young people twenty to twenty-five years of age about half the women of the nation are married and about one-fourth of the men. By the time they get into the thirty-five to forty-five year age-group only seventeen per cent of the men are still single and only eleven per cent of the women; and at sixty-five and over the men have caught up with the women, and there remain only six per cent of each who have never married. The proportion of single persons is lower in the United States than in most foreign countries. Further more, the census figures seem to show, contrary to the prevailing impression, that in all classes of our population (i. e. census classes, according to color

and nativity) a larger proportion of the younger 155 people are marrying now than was the case twenty years ago, and that this increase is sufficient to affect the proportion in the total adult population. Thus, if the marriage rate may be taken as an index, the tendency in the United States seems to be in creasingly in favor of establishing homes.

In other words, notwithstanding the growth of cities and the rise in the standard of living which operates to delay marriage, notwithstanding the immigration of unmarried men and women, not withstanding all the influences which are supposed to be undermining domesticity and dissolving home life, the proportion of the adult population who de scribe themselves as married has actually increased in twenty years, and, as the census bureau sagely remarks "very few persons are ignorant of their own marital condition."