MONTAUSIER, CHARLES DE SAINTE-MAURE, Due DE (1610-169o), French soldier, was born on Oct. 6, 161o, being the second son of Leon de Sainte-Maure, baron de Mon tausier. His parents were Huguenots, and he was educated at the Protestant College of Sedan under Pierre du Moulin. He served brilliantly at the siege of Casale in 163o. Having served under Bernard of Saxe-Weimar in Germany in 1634 he returned to the French service in 1636, and fought in the Rhenish campaigns of the following years. He was taken prisoner at Rantzau in Novem ber 1643, and only ransomed after ten months' captivity. On his return to France he became a lieutenant-general. Montausier is famous for his courtship of Julie Lucine d'Angennes, daughter of Madame de Rambouillet, famous in the annals of French literature because of the Guirlande de Julie, a garland of verse consisting of madrigals by Montausier, Jean Chapelain, Guillaume Colletet, Claude de Malleville, Georges de Scudery, Pierre Corneille (if M. Uzanne is correct in the attribution of the poems signed M.C.), Philippe Hubert, Simon Arnauld de Pomponne,' Jean Desmarests de Saint Sorlin, Antoine Gombaud (le nain de la Princesse Julie) and others. It was copied by the famous callig
raphist N. Jarry in a magnificent ms., on each page of which was painted a flower, and was presented to Julie on her fete day in 1641.
Montausier had bought the governorship of Saintonge and Angoumois, and became a Roman Catholic before his marriage. The Parisian public regarded him as the original of Alceste in the Misanthrope. Montausier received from Louis XIV. the order of the Saint Esprit, the government of Normandy, a duke dom, and in 1668 the office of governor of the dauphin, Louis. He initiated the series of classics Ad usum Delphini, directed by the learned Huet, for the use of his pupil. He died on Nov. 17, 169o.
See Pere Nicolas Petit, Vie du duc de Montausier (1729) ; Puget de Saint Pierre, Histoire du duc de Montausier (5784) ; Amedee Roux, Un Misanthrope a la cour de Louis XIV. Montausier (186o) ; 0. Uzanne, La Guirlande de Julie (1875) ; E. Flechier, Oraisons funebres du duc et de k duchesse de Montausier (Paris, 1691) ; and contemporary memoirs.