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Charles Mohun Mohun

tried and duel

MOHUN, CHARLES MOHUN, 4th BARON (c. 1675 1712), duellist, was the son of the 3rd Baron Mohun, who died in 1677 as the result of a wound received in a duel. The boy had no regular guardian, and before he was seventeen had become notorious for rowdyism, had fought a duel and had been tried on a charge of murdering William Mountfort, the rival of his friend, Richard Hill, who was in love with the actress Mrs. Bracegirdle. By an overwhelming majority he was found not guilty by his peers. This verdict has been severely criticized, notably by Ma caulay, who saw in it merely a gross instance of class favouritism. But a careful examination of the evidence (in the State Trials) justifies the decision, and establishes the presumption that the fight was fair. In 1699 Mohun was tried for another alleged murder, but was acquitted unanimously. His boon companion, Edward Rich, earl of Warwick (1673-1701), who was tried on a separate indictment for the same crime, was found guilty of manslaughter. On Nov. 15, 1712, Mohun forced the 4th duke of

Hamilton, with whom he had been at law for some years, into a desperate duel in Hyde Park in which both combatants were killed. Thackeray has utilized this incident in Esmond. On Lord Mohun's death the barony, created in 1628 in favour of his great grandfather John Mohun (c. 1592-1640), became extinct.

See The Whole Life and History of My Lord Mohun and the Earl of Warwick (1711); J. Evelyn, Diary and Correspondence; Historical Mss. Commission, iith Report, appendix v. (Dartmouth mss.) ; G. C. Boase and W. P. Courtney, Bibliotheca cornubiensis (1874-82); Howell, State Trials; and Colley Cibber, Apology, ed. R. W. Lowe (1889).