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Charles Mohun Mohun
Mohun, Charles Mohun, 4th Baron (c. 1675 1712), Duellist, Was The Son Of The 3rd Baron Mohun, Who Died In 1677 As The Result Of A Wound Received In A Duel. The Boy Had No Regular Guardian, And Before He Was Seventeen Had Become Notorious For Rowdyism, Had Fought A ...

Charles Theophilus Met Calfe
Metcalfe, Charles Theophilus Met Calfe, Baron Indian And Colonial Administrator, Was Born At Calcutta On Jan. 3o, 1785. Having Been Educated At Eton, In I800 He Sailed For India As A Writer In The Service Of The East India Company. Four Years Later, He Was Appointed Political Assistant To General ...

Charles Tristan Montholon
Montholon, Charles Tristan, Comte De (1782-1853), Was Born At Paris. He Was Trained For A Military Career, And In His Tenth Year Shared In The Expedition Of Admiral Truguet To The Coast Of Sardinia. Entering The Army In 1798, He Rose With Rapidity And Avowed Himself, When Chef D'escadron In ...

Charles Of Lorraine Mayenne
Mayenne, Charles Of Lorraine, Duke Of , Second Son Of Francis Of Lorraine, Second Duke Of Guise, Was Born On March 26, 1554. He Was Absent From France At The Time Of The Massacre Of Saint Bartholomew, But Took Part In The Siege Of La Rochelle In The Following Year, ...

Chemical Microanalysis
Microanalysis, Chemical. Chemical Analysis (see Chemistry, Analytical) Becomes Chemical Microanalysis When The Quantities Of Substances Examined Or Measured Are Very Small. The Power To Deal Successfully With Minute Quantities Of Material Has Been Acquired As A Consequence, In The First Place, Of The Increased Precision Of Such Instruments As The ...

Chemical Molecule
Molecule, Chemical. The Chemical Molecule Is Us Ually Defined As The Smallest Part That Exists Free In The Gaseous Form Of A Chemical Substance. A Very Large Number Of Chemical Substances, However, Have Never Been Obtained In The Gaseous Form, And, In Fact, Many Substances Are Incapable Of Existence Ex ...

Christian Karl August Ludwig
Massenbach, Christian Karl August Ludwig Von (1758-1827), Prussian Soldier, Was Born At Schmalkalden (1758), And Educated At Heilbronn And Stuttgart, Devoting Himself Chiefly To Mathematics. He Became An Officer Of The Wurttemberg Army In 1778, And Left This For The Service Of Frederick The Great In 1782. After Serving Through ...

Classification Of Metamorphic Rocks
Classification Of Metamorphic Rocks Metamorphism Being The Response To Change Of Condition In Respect Of Temperature And Pressure, The Diversity In Mineral Composition Of Metamorphic Rocks Can Be Regarded As The Resultant Of Two Independent Variables, Viz., (a) The Ultimate Composition Of The Rocks, And (b) The Physical Conditions Operating ...

Claude 1840 1926 Monet
Monet, Claude (1840-1926), French Painter, Was Born In Paris On Nov. 14, 1840. He Was One Of The Chief Founders Of The Impressionist School. At Havre He Became Acquainted With Boudin, Under Whose Guidance He Learned To Love And To Under Stand Nature. At The Age Of Twenty He Became ...

Claudio Monteverdi Or Monteverde
Monteverdi Or Monteverde, Claudio Italian Composer, Was Born At Cremona In May 1567. His Attention Was Early Directed To The Infant Art Of In Strumental Music, And The Duke Of Mantua Gave Him His First Appointment As Viola Player, Under Ingegneri, A Good Polyphonic Church Composer (his Responsoria Were Long ...

Clemence Louise Michel
Michel, Clemence Louise French Anarchist, Called La Vierge Rouge De Montmartre, Was Born At The Chateau Of Vroncourt (haute-marne) On May 29, 183o, The Daughter Of A Serving-maid, Marianne Michel, And The Son Of The House, Etienne Charles Demahis. She Was Brought Up By Her Father's Parents, And Received A ...

Clemens Wen Zel Lothar
Metternich-winneburg, Clemens Wen Zel Lothar, Prince (1773-1859), Austrian Statesman And Diplomatist, Was Born At Coblenz, May 15, 1773. His Father, Count Franz Georg Karl Von Metternich-winneburg Zu Beilstein (d. 1818), Was A Diplomatist Who Had Passed From The Service Of The Archbishop-elector Of Trier To That Of The Court Of ...

Clinton Hart 1855 Merriam
Merriam, Clinton Hart (1855- ), American Biologist, Born In New York On Dec. 5, 1855, Was Educated At Yale And Columbia Universities. In 1872 He Accompanied The Hay Den Surveys In Utah, Idaho, Montana And Wyoming As Naturalist; In 1875 He Was Assistant To The U.s. Fish Commission At Woods ...

Combined Methods
Combined Methods Combined Methods May Take Several Forms, But Variations Of Room And Pillar Mining, A Series Of Alternating Narrow Stopes And Pillars, Are Most Common. The Ore Is Sufficiently Hard To Permit Of Using Shrinkage Stoping In The Rooms. The Pillars Serve To Support The Capping Until The Stopes ...

Commercial Motor Transport
Motor Transport, Commercial. The Follow Ing Article Deals With The Economics Of Commercial Motor Trans Port, With Special Ref Erence To Great Britain. For A Complete Discussion Of This Subject, Including Engineering Design And Opera Tion In The United States, See Motor Vehicles, Commercial. Commercial Motor Vehicles May Be Divided ...

Commercial Motor Vehicles
Motor Vehicles, Commercial. Development Of Commercial Motor Vehicles—lorries And Omnibuses—began During The Last Decade Of The 19th Century, At About The Same Time As That Of Private Motor Cars. At First The Commercial Vehicle Did Not Progress So Rapidly, Because In Its Field There Was No Equivalent To The Enthusiasm ...

Compagnie Des Messageries Maritimes
Messageries Maritimes, Compagnie Des. This Steamship Company, The Oldest French Navigation Enterprise, Arose First From A Convention Passed On Feb. 28, 1851 With The Minister Of Finance, "for The Establishment And Exploitation Of A Maritime Postal Service In The Mediterranean." The First Sailing Under The Messageries Flag Was The Departure ...

Compound Microscope
Compound Microscope A Compound Microscope Con Sists Of A Positive Or Converging Lens, Called Theobject-glass, Which Forms A Real, Inverted, Magni Fied Image Of The Object. This Image Is Then Viewed By Means Of A Second Lens, Called The Eyepiece, Which Is Usually Another Positive Lens Or Lens System (fig. ...

Compounds Of Mercury
Compounds Of Mercury Mercury Forms Two Well-defined Series Of Salts—the Mercurous Salts Derived From The Oxide Hg20, And The Mercuric Salts From The Oxide Hgo. Like Mercurous Oxide The Mercurous Salts Are Generally Formulated As Containing Two Mercury Atoms In Each Molecule. According To H. B. Baker Vaporized Mercurous Chloride ...

Conquest Of Syria
Conquest Of Syria Details Are Wanting—we Only Know That In All The Earlier Battles The Romans Had The Worst Of The Game. That The Conquest Of Syria Nevertheless Took Seven Years (632-638) Was Only Due To The Fact That The Arabs, Formidable In The Charge, Had No Skill In Siegecraft. ...

Conrad Ferdinand Meyer
Meyer, Conrad Ferdinand, One Of The Greatest Of Swiss Poets And Novelists, Was Born At Zurich On Oct. 11, 1825, And Died On Nov. 28, 1896, At Kilchberg (near Zurich), Where He Had Settled In 1875. In His Youth He Studied Law And Pursued His Torical Researches In Italy; But ...

Consumption Of Milk
Consumption Of Milk Statistics Indicate That Of The 1,117 Million Gallons Of Milk Produced (exclusive Of That Fed To Calves, Etc.), 888 Millions Were Consumed In The Liquid State. This Figure Ignores The Surplus Which Would Be Used For Manufacturing. On This Basis It Has Been Esti Mated That The ...

Conyers Middleton
Middleton, Conyers (1683-175o), English Divine, Was Born At Richmond, Yorks., On Dec. 27, 1683. He Graduated From Trinity College, Cambridge, Took Orders, And In 1706 Ob Tained A Fellowship, Which He Soon Resigned. In 1717 A Dispute With Richard Bentley, Who Had Demanded A Large Fee On Middle Ton's Being ...

Cotton 1663 1728 Mather
Mather, Cotton (1663-1728), American Congrega Tional Minister And Author, Son Of Increase Mather (q.v.), Lived All His Life In Boston, Where He Was Born On Feb. 12, 1663. From 1685 Till His Death He Was A Minister Of The Second Church There. He Took His A.b. At Harvard In 1678 ...

Count Of Montferrat
Montferrat, Count Of, A Title Derived From A Ter Ritory South Of The Po And East Of Turin, And Held By A Family Who Were In The 12th Century One Of The Most Considerable In Lombardy. In 1147 A Count Of Montferrat Took Part In The Second Crusade. In 1176 ...

Curves And Classification
Curves And Classification In The Application Of Electric Motors To Their Work The Character Istic To Which The Greatest Attention Must Be Paid Is That Of The Variation Of Speed Under Load. A Graph Is Drawn From Standstill To The Maximum Speed Which The Motor Attains, Showing How The Torque ...

Danaine Butterflies
Danaine Butterflies The Figures On Plate I. Illustrate Facts Consistent With The Belief That Mimicry Is An Advantageous Resemblance And Has Been Developed For Its Own Sake—facts Which Are Meaningless On Any Suggested Interpretation Except One Based On Selection. The But Terflies Most Generally Mimicked By Species Of Other Groups ...

David 1822 1907 Masson
Masson, David ( 1822-1907) , Scottish Man Of Letters, Was Born At Aberdeen On Dec. 2, 1822, And Educated At The Grammar School There And At Marischal College. He Studied Theology At Edinburgh University, Under Dr. Chalmers. He Gave Up His Intention To Enter The Ministry, And Became Editor Of ...

Deductions From The Laws
Deductions From The Laws Of Motion Impulse And Momentum.-2o. We Have Now Given Precise Meaning To (22), And We Proceed To Deduce Some Consequences Which Follow From This Equation, In Virtue Of Kinematical Relations Which Have Been Shown To Hold Between Acceleration, Velocity And "distance." Let Us Confine Attention, In ...

Definition Of Mathematics
Definition Of Mathematics It Has Now Become Apparent That The Traditional Field Of Mathe Matics In The Province Of Discrete And Continuous Number Can Only Be Separated From The General Abstract Theory Of Classes And Relations By A Wavering And Indeterminate Line. Of Course A Dis Cussion As To The ...

Departments Of The Studio
Departments Of The Studio Among The More Important Studio Departments Which Contribute To The Production Of Modern Pictures Are : Architectural.—this Department Deals With The Designing And Construction Of Sets Used In Production. These Must Be Architec Turally Correct According To The Locale And Period Of The Story, And Must ...

Description Of The Planets
Description Of The Planets The Following Description Is Confined To The First 90o Members, As Details Of The Remainder Were Not Available When It Was Pre Pared. There Are Two Stragglers Well On The Inside Of The Family ; These Are Eros (see Separate Article) Whose Mean Distance Is Less ...

Desire 1851 1926 Mercier
Mercier, Desire (1851-1926), Belgian Cardinal, Was Born Nov. 21, 1851, At Braine-l'alleud In The Walloon Part Of Brabant, Of A Bourgeois Family. He Studied At Malines. On April 5, 1874, He Was Ordained Priest, A Disciple Of Aquinas. Af Ter Two Years At The University Of Louvain, He Was Appointed ...

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev
Mendeleyev, Dmitri Ivanovich Russian Chemist, The Youngest Of A Family Of Seventeen, Was Born At Tobolsk, Siberia, On Feb. 7, 1834. After Attending The Gym Nasium Of His Native Place, He Went To Study Science At St. Peters Burg, Where He Graduated In Chemistry In 1856, Subsequently Be Coming Privatdozent. ...

Dmitri Sergeievich 1865 Merezhkovsky
Merezhkovsky, Dmitri Sergeievich (1865 ), Russian Novelist And Critic, Was Born In St. Petersburg (leningrad) On Aug. 2, 1865, The Son Of A Court Official, And Graduated From St. Petersburg University. He Married Zinaida Hippius, The Poet (q.v.). His First Volume Of Poetry, Published In 1888, Was Followed By More ...

Dominion Of
Dominion Of Canada.—some Mathematical Papers Are To Be Found In Proceedings And Transactions Of The Royal Society Of Canada (1882 + ) . Berliner Mathematische Gesellschaft, Founded In 1901, Has About 30o Members, And Has Published A Sitzungsberichte (1902+). The Gesellschaft Fill% Angewandte Mathematik Und Mechanik, Which Was Founded At ...

Don Alonso Perez De
Medina Sidonia, Don Alonso Perez De Guzman El Bueno, 7th Duke Of (1550-1615), Com Mander-in-chief Of The Spanish Armada, Was Born Sept. 10, 1550. His Father, Don Juan Claros De Guzman, Died In 1555, And Don Alonso Became Duke, And On The Death Of His Grandfather In 1559, Master Of ...

Double Monsters
Double Monsters Twins Are The Physiological Analogy Of Double Monsters, And Some Of The Latter Have Come Very Near To Being Two Separate Individuals. The Siamese Twins, Who Died In 1874 At The Age Of Sixty, Were Joined Only By A Thick Fleshy Ligament From The Lower End Of The ...

Dwight Lyman Ryther 1899
Moody, Dwight Lyman (ryther) 1899), American Evangelist, Was Born In The Village Of East North Field, Mass., On Feb. 5, 1837. His Father Died In 1841, And Young Dwight, A Mischievous, Independent Boy, Got A Scanty Schooling. At 17 He Became A Salesman In A Shoe-store In Boston; In 1855 ...

Dwight Whitney Morrow
Morrow, Dwight Whitney Ameri Can Lawyer And Diplomat, Was Born At Huntington, W.va., On Jan. I S, 1873. He Was Educated At Amherst (a.b., 1895) And Columbia (ll.b., 1899), And In 1899 Entered The Employ Of The Law Firm Of Simpson, Thacher And Bartlett. In 1905 He Became A Member ...

Dynamics 54
Dynamics. 54. Natural Bodies, With Which The General Theory Has To Deal, Are Continuous Or Apparently Continuous Distributions Of Matter, Either Solid, Fluid Or Gaseous. One Way In Which They May Be Treated Is To Conceive Them As An Aggregate Of Particles—large But Finite In Number, And Separated By Small ...

Earl Morcar Or Morkere
Morcar Or Morkere, Earl (ft. Io66), Earl Of The Northumbrians, Son Of Earl Aelfgar, Brother Of Edwin, Earl Of The Mercians. He Assisted The Northumbrians To Expel Tostig, Of The House Of Godwin, In 1065 And Was Chosen Earl By The Rebels, An Election Which Tostig's Brother, Harold, Later Accepted. ...

Earl Of
- Earl Of (c. 1525— 1581), Scottish Statesman, Was The Son Of Sir George Douglas Of Pittendriech, And Before 1543 Married Elizabeth (d. Daughter Of The 3rd Earl Of Morton, To Whose Titles And Estates He Succeeded In 1553. Ten Years Later He Became Lord High Chancellor Of Scotland. He ...

Earls Of John Middleton
Middleton, Earls Of. John Middleton, Ist Earl Of Middleton (c. 1619-1674), Belonged To A Kincardineshire Family Which Had Held Lands At Middleton Since The 12th Century. In Early Life He Served As A Soldier In France; Later He Fought Against Charles I., Being Especially Prominent At The Battle Of Philiphaugh. ...

Edgar Lee Masters
Masters, Edgar Lee (1869— ), American Poet And Novelist, Was Born At Garnett, Kan., On Aug. 23, 1869. He En Tered Knox College In Galesburg, Ill., And Was Admitted To The Bar In 1891. A Small Book Of Verses Appeared In 1898; Followed By Maximilian, A Drama In Blank Verse ...

Edouard Adolphe Casimir Jo
Mortier, Edouard Adolphe Casimir Jo Seph, Duke Of Treviso (1768-1835), Marshal Of France, Was Born At Cateau Cambresis On Feb. 13, 1768, And Entered The Army As A Sub-lieutenant In 1791. He Served In The Campaigns Of 1792 And 1793 On The North-eastern Frontier And In The Nether Lands, And ...

Educational Films
Educational Films The United States.—three Main Types Of Educational Films Are Now Recognized : The "instructional," Made Solely To Present Information Pertinent To The School Curriculum ; The "documen Tary," Which Interpret Social Situations So As To Create Attitudes As Well As To Convey Information ; And The "industrial," Which ...

Edwin Samuel Montagu
Montagu, Edwin Samuel ( I 879—i 924 ) , British Politician, Second Son Of The 1st Lord Swaythling (q.v.), Was Born On Feb. 6, 1879, And Educated At The City Of London School And At Trinity College, Cambridge. At Cambridge He Was President Of The Union And Acquired A Considerable ...

Eilhardt Mitscherlich
Mitscherlich, Eilhardt German Chemist, Was Born On Jan. 7, 1794 At Neuende Near Jever, Olden Burg, Where His Father Was Pastor. He Was Educated At Jever And Went To Heidelberg In 181i ; He Devoted Himself To Philology, And Gave Special Attention To The Persian Language. Mitscherlich Resolved To Study ...

Electric Meters
Meters, Electric. These Include Induction-motor, Mercury-motor And Commutator Meters, Which Register The Revo Lutions Of A Disc Or Other Armature Caused To Revolve, By The Action Of The Current, At A Speed Proportional To The Amperes Or Watts Passing Through The Meter, And Electrolytic Meters In Which The Current Or ...

Electric Motor
Motor, Electric. A Machine For Converting Energy In The Form Of An Electric Current Into Mechanical Work. This Is Accomplished Through The Use Of Two Fundamental Physical Phe Nomena, The First, That An Electric Current Passed Through A Wire Surrounding An Iron Core Causes A Magnetic Field To Be Set ...

Electrical System
Electrical System The Carburation And Manifolding System Delivers The Proper Mixture Of Fuel And Air To The Engine. There The Chemical Energy Is Converted Into Mechanical Energy Through The Process Of Com Bustion. The Ignition System Functions In Starting This Very Process By Igniting The Combustible Mixture In The Cylinder. ...

Elements
Elements Temperature.—the Rate Of Change Of Temperature With Height Is Of Fundamental Importance In Determining The Processes Of Weather. The Observations Of Teisserenc De Bort Showed That Up To Considerable Heights The Temperature Decreases Steadily With Height, At An Average Rate Of About 6° C Per Km., Or 3° F ...

Eligius F R A
Munch-bellinghausen, Eligius F R A N Z Joseph, Freiherr Von ( I 806-1871 , Austrian Poet And Dramatist (who Wrote Under The Pseudonym "friedrich Halm"), Was Born At Cracow On April 2, I8o6, The Son Of A District Judge. In 184o He Became Regierungsrat, In 1845 Hof Rat And Custodian ...

Emigration To The United
Emigration To The United States The Population Of The United States In 1790 Was 4 Millions. In 1926 It Was Estimated At 1o5,000,000 (excluding The Coloured Pop Ulation). The Immigration From Europe Into America During The Past Century, Which Has Been Mainly Responsible For This Growth, Has Been, Both In ...

Empire
Empire For Nearly Two Centuries Emigration Has Been A Habit With The British People. Beginning In The 16th Century There Has Been A Continuous Flow Of Population From The British Isles To All Parts Of The World. The Stream Has Fluctuated With Changing Conditions In Great Britain And In The ...

Equilibrium Of A Particle
Equilibrium Of A Particle That Orbit Is A Parabola; If V v It Is A Hyperbola. We See That V Is The Velocity Which Must Be Possessed By The Particle In Order That Its Orbit May Go To An Infinite Dis Tance From ...

Estimate Of Moliere
Estimate Of Moliere The Man And His Work.—of Moliere It May Be Said With Confidence That He Was Not Only A Great Author But A Great Man. His Life Has A Dramatic Quality Which Makes It Possible To Think Of It As Perhaps The Greatest Of His Plays. Apart From ...