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Charles Theophilus Met Calfe Metcalfe

governor and lord

METCALFE, CHARLES THEOPHILUS MET CALFE, BARON Indian and colonial administrator, was born at Calcutta on Jan. 3o, 1785. Having been educated at Eton, in i800 he sailed for India as a writer in the service of the East India Company. Four years later, he was appointed political assistant to General Lake, who was conducting the final campaign of the Mahratta war against Holkar. In 18o8 he became envoy to the court of Ranjit Singh at Lahore, where in April 1809, he concluded the treaty securing the independence of the Sikh states between the Sutlej and the Jumna. Four years afterwards he was made resident at Delhi, and in 1819 appointed secretary in the secret and political department. In 1822 he succeeded his brother in the baronetcy, and in 1827 obtained a seat in the supreme council. In March 1835, after he had acted as the first governor of the proposed new presidency of Agra, he provisionally suc ceeded Lord William Bentinck in the governor-generalship. His

liberation of the press so complicated his relations with the direc tors that he resigned the service of the Company in 1838. In the following year he became governor of Jamaica, where the diffi culties created by the recent passing of the Negro Emancipation Act called for tact. Ill health compelled him to return to England in 1842, hut six months afterwards he was appointed governor general of Canada. He was raised to the peerage in 1845. He died at Malshanger, near Basingstoke, on Sept. 5, 1846.

See J. W. Kaye, Life and Correspondence of Charles Lord Metcalfe (1854), and Selections from Lord Metcalfe's Papers (1855) ; also Wakefield's paper, Sir Charles Metcalfe in Canada, reprinted in E. M. Wrong's Charles Butler and Responsible Government (Oxford 1926).