MOULTON OF BANK, JOHN FLETCHER MOUL TON, BARON , British lawyer, was born at Madeley, Salop, Nov. 18, 1844. Educated at Kingswood School, Bath, and St. John's College, Cambridge, he was elected a fellow of Christ's College, and in 1874 was called to the Bar. He specialized in patent law, and rapidly acquired a large and lucrative practice, becoming a Q.C. in 1885. He sat in parliament for Clapham (1885-6) and Launceston (1898-1906). In 1906 he was appointed a lord justice of appeal, and in 1912 a lord of appeal in ordinary, with the title of Lord Moulton of Bank. He died in London on March 9, 1921. During his years on the bench, he rendered distinguished scientific service to the country, as first chairman of the medical research committee under the National Insurance Act (1912), and, during the World War, as chairman of the com mittee on chemical products and high explosives and director general of explosive supplies in the Ministry of Munitions. He was also chairman of the British Dyestuffs Corporation (1919). MOULTRIE, WILLIAM American soldier, was born in Charleston, S.C., on Nov. 23, 1730. His father, a physician, and a graduate of the University of Edinburgh, mi grated to Charleston before 1729. The son was elected to the provincial assembly in 1754, 1769 and 1772. Although he was connected by many ties to the British, he espoused the American cause on the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, and was a mem ber of the provincial congress of South Carolina in 1775-76. On
Ft. Johnson, on James island in Charleston harbour, he raised what is said to have been the first American battle-flagóblue, with a white crescent in the dexter corner, inscribed with the word "Liberty"; the flag was devised by him in Sept. 1775. In March, 1776, he took command of a palmetto fort which he had built on Sullivan's island, off Charleston, which he held against the attack of Admiral Sir Peter Parker on June 28, and which soon after the battle was renamed Ft. Moultrie by the general assembly. He was thanked by Congress and was made a brigadier-general in the continental army in Sept. 1776. He dislodged the British from Beaufort, S.C., in Feb. 1779, and made it possible for the city of Charleston to put itself into a state of defence. He was one of those who advised against the surrender of Charleston, where he commanded the garrison until the arrival of General Benjamin Lincoln. His imprisonment after the surrender of Charleston (May, 1780) lasted until Feb. 1782. In 1782 he was made a major-general. He was governor of South Carolina in 1785-87 and in 1792-94. He died in Charleston Sept. 27, 1805.