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Meyrifab
Meyrifab, A Small Semi-nomad Tribe Of Semitic Stock, On The East Bank Of The Nile Near Berber Who Never Marry Slaves. Mezieres, Philippe De (c. 1327-1405), French Sol Dier And Author, Was Born At The Chateau Of Mezieres In Picardy. He Belonged To The Poorer Nobility, And Served Under Lucchino ...

Mezieres
Mezieres, A Town Of Northern France, Capital Of Ardennes Department, 55 M. N.e. Of Reims By Rail. Pop. (1931) Founded In The 9th Century, Mezieres Was A Stronghold Belong Ing To The Bishops Of Reims, Which Afterwards Became The Prop Erty Of The Counts Of Rethel. The Town Was Increased ...

Mezzotint Or Mezzo Tinto
Mezzotint Or Mezzo Tinto, As It Was First Called, Is A Process Of Engraving Whereby A Copper, Or Steel, Plate Is First Prepared To Produce Uniformly Black Impressions On Paper. This Is Done By Pricking The Plate With Innumerable Small Holes Which Will Hold Ink. In Connection With Mezzotint, As ...

Mfumbiro Or Kirunga
Mfumbiro Or Kirunga, General Names For A Chain Of Volcanic Mountains Extending Across The Central African Rif T Valley Immediately North Of Lake Kivu. The Range Completely Blocks The Valley At This Point, Forming A Divide Between The Rivers Flowing North To The Nile And The Waters Of Lake Kivu, ...

Miami
Miami, A City Of South-eastern Florida, U.s.a., The County Seat Of Dade County; On Biscayne Bay, At The Mouth Of The Miami River, From Which A Canal Extends To Lake Okeechobee. It Is On Federal Highways 1 And 94; Has Two Municipal And One Commercial Airport ; And Is Served ...

Mica
Mica, A Group Of Widely Distributed Rock-forming Minerals, Some Of Which Have Important Commercial Applications. The Principal Members Of The Group Are Muscovite, Biotite, Phlogopite And Lepidolite (q.v.). The Name Is The Lat. Mica, A Grain, But Is Confused With Micare, To Glitter, The German Word For Mica, Glim Mer, ...

Mica Schist
Mica-schist, In Petrology, A Rock Composed Essentially Of Mica And Quartz, And Possessing A Foliated Or Schistose Struc Ture Due To The Parallel Arrangement Of The Mica Flakes. Mica Schists Differ From Gneisses Principally By The Absence Of Conspic Uous Alternations Of Schistose And Granular Bands Characteristic Of The Latter ...

Micah
Micah, The Sixth In Literary Order Of The "minor Prophets" Of The Old Testament, Is Not To Be Confused With The 9th Century Micaiah (i Kings Xxii. ; The Gloss In Verse 28b, Quoting Micah I. 2, And Absent From The Greek Version, Shows That Such Con Fusion Occurred At ...

Michael Andrijevich Milorad Ovich
Milorad Ovich, Michael Andrijevich, Count (177o-1825), Russian General, Saw Service Under Suvarov In The Wars Against Turkey And Poland, And In The Campaign Of Italy And Switzerland (1799) Earned Much Distinction As A Com Mander Of Advanced Troops. In 1805, Having Attained The Rank Of Lieutenant-general, He Served Under Kutusov ...

Michael Nikolaievich Muraviev
Muraviev, Michael Nikolaievich, Count (1845-1900), Russian Statesman, Was Born On April 19, 1845. He Was The Son Of General Count Nicholas Muraviev (governor Of Grodno), And Grandson Of The Count Michael Muraviev, Who Be Came Notorious For His Drastic Measures In Stamping Out The Polish Insurrection Of 1863 In The ...

Michael Viii Palaeologus 1234 1282
Michael Viii. Palaeologus (1234-1282) Was The Son Of Andronicus Palaeologus Comnenus And Irene Angela, The Grand Daughter Of Alexius Angelus, Emperor Of Constantinople. At An Early Age He Rose To Distinction, And Ultimately Became Commander Of The French Mercenaries In The Employment Of The Emperors Of Nicaea. A Few Days ...

Michel De 2 Montaigne
Montaigne, Michel De 2 ) , French Es Sayist, Was Born, As He Himself Tells Us, Between Eleven O'clock And Noon On Feb. 28, 1533. The Patronymic Of The Montaigne Family, Who Derived Their Title From The Château At Which The Es Sayist Was Born And Which Had Been Bought ...

Michelozzo Di Bartolommeo
Michelozzo Di Bartolommeo Italian Architect And Sculptor, Was A Florentine By Birth, The Son Of A Tailor. He Was Trained As A Goldsmith And At The Age Of 24 Entered The Workshop Of Ghiberti, Whom He Assisted On Both Doors Of The Florentine Baptistry And With The Statue Of St. ...

Michelson Morley Experiment
Michelson-morley Experiment. A Celebrated Experiment Carried Out By A. A. Michelson And E. W. Morley, To Attempt To Measure A Velocity Of The Earth Through The Ether By The Effect Which Such A Velocity Might Be Anticipated To Have On The Velocity Of Light. Had Such A Velocity Been Established, ...

Michiel Jansz Van 1567 1641
Mierevelt (miereveld Or Mireveldt), Michiel Jansz Van (1567-1641), Dutch Painter, Was Born At Delft On May 1, 1567, The Son Of A Goldsmith, Who Apprenticed Him To The Copperplate Engraver J. Wierix. He Sub Sequently Became A Pupil Of Willem Willemz And Augustyn Of Delft, Until Antonio Van Montfort (blockland), ...

Michigan
Michigan (mishri-gan), Known As The "wolverine State," Is One Of The North Central Group Of The United States Of America. It Is Situated Between Latitudes 41° 44' And 30' N. And Longi Tudes 82° 25' And 9o° 31' W., And Consists Of Two Peninsulas,— The Upper Or Northern And The ...

Mickiewicz Adam
Mickiewicz Adam Polish Poet, Born Near Nowogrodek, In The Russian Government Of Minsk, Where His Father, Who Belonged To The Lesser Nobility, Had A Small Property. The Poet Was Educated At The Vilna University; But, Becoming Involved In Political Troubles As A Member Of A Secret Patriotic Student Society, He ...

Micrometer
Micrometer, A Name Generally Given To Any Device For Measuring Small Angles Or Dimensions (from Gr. Yucp6s, Small, Pfrpov, A Measure). In Particular A Great Variety Of Appliances Used For Astronomical Measurement Are Called Micrometers. One Of The Immediate Difficulties Of Accurate Measurement Of Linear Dimensions Is To Secure Coincidence ...

Micronesia
Micronesia (from Gr. Yucp6s, Small, And Vijaos, Island), One Of The Three Great Divisions Of The Oceanic Islands In The Cen Tral And Western Pacific. Lying To The North Of Melanesia, It Embraces The Following Groups : Mariana, Pelew, Caroline, Mar Shall And Gilbert. For Full Details Of These Various ...

Micropegmatite
Micropegmatite, In Petrology, A Very Fine Intergrowth Of Quartz And Alkali Felspar, Occurring Often As The Last Product Of Consolidation In Many Igneous Rocks Which Contain High Or Moderately High Percentages Of Silica. It Shows The Same Struc Ture On A Minute Scale As Certain Pegmatites (q.v.) Or Coarse Granitic ...

Microphone Or Telephone Transmitter
Microphone Or Telephone Transmitter, A Device For Converting Mechanical Energy Of Sound Waves Into Electrical Energy With Similar Vibrational Characteristics. The First Instrument Used For This Purpose Was The Telephone Receiver In Vented By Alexander Graham Bell In 1876, The Same Type Of In Strument Being Then Used In A ...

Microscopy
Microscopy, The Art Of Using The Microscope. There Is Little Need For Stressing The Importance Of The Microscope In The Investigation Of Many Widely Different Problems. In Medical, Bio Logical, Geological, Metallurgical And Many Other Kinds Of Work, The Value Of The Microscope Is Well Understood, And The Instrument Is ...

Middlesbrough
Middlesbrough, A Municipal, County And Parliamen Tary Borough In The North Riding Of Yorkshire, England, 2381 M. N. By W. From London On The L.n.e. Railway. Population (1931) 138,489. It Stands On The South Bank Of The Tees Estuary, 5 Rn. From Its Mouth In The North Sea, And Is ...

Middlesex
Middlesex, A County Of England, Bounded North By Hertfordshire, .east By Essex, South-east By The County Of London, South By Surrey, And West By Buckinghamshire. Excepting Rut Land, The County Is The Smallest In England. It Lies Entirely Within The Thames Basin And Within The Geological Region Known As The ...

Middlings
Middlings, A Term Applied To Various Commercial Products Which May Be Regarded As Occupying A Middle Position Between Two Other Articles. This Idea Covers The Origin Of The Term When It Is Applied To Wheaten Products. Prior To The Middle Of The 19th Century Millers Used Millstones For Grinding Wheat, ...

Midhat Pasha 1822 1884
Midhat Pasha (1822-1884), Turkish Statesman, The Son Of A Civil Judge, Was Born At Constantinople In 1822. His Father Trained Him For An Administrative Career, And At The Age Of 22 He Was Attached As Secretary To Falk Effendi, Whom He Accompanied In Syria For Three Years. On His Return ...

Midland Bank Limited
Midland Bank Limited. This British Joint-stock Company Was In 1928 The World's Largest Commercial Banking Insti Tution And Had For Chairman The Right Hon. Reginald Mckenna, A Former Chancellor Of The Exchequer During The World War. It Had 13,000 Employees, With 2,000 Branches In England And Wales And Over 1,250,000 ...

Midlothian Or Edinburghshire
Midlothian Or Edinburghshire, Eastern County, Scotland, Bounded North By The Firth Of Forth, East By The Shires Of Haddington, Or East Lothian, And Berwick, South-east By Rox Burghshire, South By Selkirkshire, Peeblesshire And Lanarkshire, South-west By Lanarkshire, And West By Linlithgowshire Or West Lothian. Its Area (excluding Water) Is 234,325 ...

Midnapore
Midnapore, A Town And District Of British India, In The Burdwan Division Of Bengal. The Town Has A Station On The Ben Gal Nagpur Railway. Pop. (1931) 3 2,03 I . The District Of Midnapore Has An Area Of 5,245 Sq.m. And A Population (1931) Of 2,799,093. The Greater Part ...

Midrash
Midrash, Lit. "exposition" (cf. 2 Chron. Xiii., 2 2 : Xxiv., 27) Or Intensive Study (derfish) Of The Spirit Of A Passage, Frequently Used Of Homily And Parable In Opposition To Literal Interpretation (peshat) : Term Applied To Certain Methods Of Scriptural Exegesis And To A Class Of Jewish Writings ...

Midshipman
Midshipman Is The Title Given To The Officer Ranking Below The Lowest Commissioned Officer, Which In The British Navy Is A Sub-lieutenant. A Midshipman In The British Navy Is Senior Only To A Naval Cadet. Originally A Midshipman Was A Petty Officer, But After The Restoration, In 166o, Charles Ii. ...

Mignet
Mignet, Francois Auguste Alexis (1796 1884), French Historian, Was Born At Aix-en-provence On May 8, 1796, And Died In Paris On March 24, 1884. His Father, A Vendean By Birth, Was A Locksmith. Francois Studied At Avignon In The Lycee Where He Was Afterwards Professor (1815) ; He Returned To ...

Mignonette Or Mignonnette
Mignonette Or Mignonnette (i.e., "little Darl Ing"), The Name Given To A Popular Garden Flower, Reseda Odorata (family Resedaceae), Highly Esteemed For Its Delicate But Delicious Perfume. The Mignonette Is Generally Regarded As An Annual And Is A Plant Of Diffuse Decumbent Twiggy Habit, Scarcely Reaching A Foot In Height, ...

Migration
Migration. Migrations, Or The Shiftings Of Peoples, Have Been Universal On The Earth In Space And Time, But There Have Also Been Migrations Or Transmissions Of Cultural Objects And Ideas Which Frequently Have Little Relation With The Former And These May Be Termed Cultural Drifts. Most Primary Migrations Of Mankind ...

Migration Legislation And International
Migration Legislation And International Regulations Restrictions And Control Of Emigration And Immigra Tion.—it Has Already Been Made Apparent That The Feature Of The Migration Movement Of The 19th And Early Loth Centuries Was Its Comparative Freedom From Restrictions. So Far As The White Races Were Concerned, Countries Of Immigration Only ...

Migration Of Animals
Migration Of Animals. While It Is Among Birds (see Birds, Migration Of) That Migration Is Seen In Its Most Typical Form, It Also Occurs In Many Other Animals, And It Is To These That This Article Refers. But There Has Been An Unfortunate Tendency To Apply The Term In A ...

Migration Over Land Frontiers
Migration Over Land Frontiers The Migration Which Has Been Noted Over Land Frontiers (con Tinental Migration) Has Long Been A Feature Of The Movement Of Population In All Parts Of The World. In Europe It Is Mainly Of A Seasonal And Temporary Character As Opposed To Overseas Migra Tion, Which ...

Miguel De Molinos
Molinos, Miguel De (c. 164o-1697), Spanish Divine, The Chief Apostle Of The Religious Revival Known As Quietism, Was Born On Dec. 25, 1640 At Patacina, Near Saragossa. He Entered The Priesthood And Settled In Rome About 1670. In 1675 Molinos Had Published A Volume, Guida Spirituale, The Disinvolge L'anima E ...

Milan
Milan (ital. Milano, Ger. Mailand, Anc. Mediolanum, Q.v.), City, Italy, Capital Of The Province Of Milan, 93 M. By Rail E.n.e. Of Turin. Pop. (1931) 830,188 (town) ; 992,036 (commune). It Is The Seat Of An Archbishop, The Headquarters Of The Iii. Army Corps, The Chief Financial Centre Of Italy ...

Milan Obrenovic Iv 1854 1901
Milan Obrenovic Iv. (1854-1901), King Of Serbia, Was Born At Jassy, Rumania, On Aug. 22, 18.54, Son Of Milog Obrenovie (1829-1861), The Nephew Of Prince Milog I. (q.v.), And Maria Katardii, A Moldavian. Early Left An Orphan, Milan Was Adopted By His Cousin Michael (q.v.), Educated At Bucharest And Paris, ...

Miles City
Miles City, A City Of Eastern Montana, U.s.a., On The South Bank Of The Yellowstone, At The Mouth Of Tongue River, 2,377 Ft. Above Sea-level; The County Seat Of Custer County. It Is On Federal Highways 1 O And 12, And Is Served By The Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul And ...

Miletus
Miletus (mod. Palatia), An Ancient City Of Asia Minor, On The Southern Shore Of The Latmic Gulf Near The Mouth Of The Mae Ander. Before The Ionic Migration It Was Inhabited By Carians (iliad Ii. 867; Herod. I. 546), And Pottery Found On The Spot Proves That The Site Was ...

Military Frontier
Military Frontier (ger. Militargrenze), A Former Institution And Division Of The Austro-hungarian Monarchy. When Croatia Swore Allegiance To The Habsburgs In 1527, After The Defeat Of Hungary By The Turks At Mohacs, Southern Croatia Was Left Half Deserted, Its Inhabitants Having Fled North Before The Turks. The Austrian Government Built ...

Military Law
Military Law Embraces Both A Penal Code For The Maintenance Of Discipline Of The Army And Also Administrative Law, Which Provides For The Maintenance Of The Army. It Is Important To Note That In Great Britain The Army Act Itself Does Not Take The Form Of Permanent Legislation, Because It ...

Military Motor Transport
Motor Transport, Military. Transport By Mo Tor Vehicles Has Profoundly Modified The Art Of War. The Use Of It Enables A Commander, Despite The Unwieldiness Of Modern Armies, To Achieve Surprise Effects Which Give Him Victory. In The Following Account, Illustrated By Practical Examples Taken From The Use Of Motor ...

Militia
Militia, A Term Used Generally For Organized Military Forces Which Are Not Professional In Character And Not Permanently Em Bodied. (fr. Milice, Ger. Miliz, From Lat. Miles, Soldier, Militia, Military Service.) All Ancient Armies, With The Exception Of The Personal Guards Of Their Leaders, Were Militias Or National Levies, Remaining ...

Militia Of England
Militia Of England The Title Of "militia" Disappeared From The List Of The British Forces In 1908, On The Conversion Of The Existing Self-contained Militia Into An Army "special Reserve" Which Is Restricted To The Role Of Providing Drafts For The First Line.' The "self-contained" Second Line Army Of The ...

Militia Of Ireland And
Militia Of Ireland And Scotland Ireland And Scotland Did Not Furnish Any Regular Militia Until 1715 And 1797 Respectively, Although In Scotland Militia Existed Long Before 1797, E.g. In Perthshire In 1684; And In Addition Corps Of Fencibles Were Raised And Embodied. The Irish Militia When First Raised In 1715 ...

Milk
Milk Is The Secretion Of The Mammary Glands (mammae) Of The Large Class, The Mammalia, Of Vertebrate Animals That Suckle Their Young. Those Animals The Milk Of Which Is Commonly Con Sumed By Man Are The Cow, The Goat And The Sheep. The Average Composition Of Milk, According To Richmond ...

Milkwort
Milkwort, In Botany, The Common Name For Plants Of The Genus Polygala (family Polygalaceae), A Large Genus Of Some Soo Species, Widely Dispersed In Temperate And Tropical Regions And Represented By About 5o Species In North America And A Few Species In Great Britain. The Common Species, P. Vulgaris, Is ...

Mill
Mill, The Term Given To The Apparatus Used In The Grinding Of Corn Into Flour, And Hence Applied To Similar Mechanical De Vices For Grinding Or Pulping Other Substances; E.g., Coffee-mill, Powder-mill. "mill" Was First Used Of The Building Containing The Apparatus, Frequently With A Word Attached Descriptive Of The ...