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Edmund Kirby Smith

confederate and war

SMITH, EDMUND KIRBY , Confederate general in the American Civil War, the son of Colonel Joseph Lee Smith (1776-1846), an American lawyer and soldier, who served in the War of 1812, was born at St. Augustine (Fla.), on May 16, 1824. He graduated at West Point in 1845, being as signed to the infantry. In the Mexican War he was breveted ist lieutenant, and captain for gallantry. He was assistant professor of mathematics at West Point from 1849-52 and was later en gaged in Indian warfare on the Texas frontier. In 1861 he attained the rank of major.

When Florida seceded he resigned his army commission and entered the Confederate service as a lieutenant-colonel. He was made a brigadier-general on June 17, 1861, and was wounded at the battle of Bull Run (q.v.). In command of the Confederate forces in the Cumberland gap region, he took part in Gen. Bragg's invasion of Kentucky (1862), and inflicted upon the Federal forces a severe defeat at Richmond (Ky.), on Aug. 3o. From

Feb. 1863 to the fall of the Confederacy he was in command of the trans-Mississippi department, and was successful in mak ing this section of the Confederacy self-supporting. He instituted a regular system of blockade-running, and met and defeated the Red river expedition under Gen. N. P. Banks in Kirby Smith and his troops surrendered in May 1865, being the last armed forces of the Confederate States to do so. After the war, he was president of the Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph company, president of the Western Military academy, chancellor of the University of Nashville, and from 1875 to his death pro fessor of mathematics at the University of the South, Sewanee (Tenn.). He died at Sewanee on March 28, 1893.