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Farini

oxen, kitchen, farm and feet

FARINI. It is not W 411111 our province 1.0 cuter 011 the subject of the mangetnent of a farm ; but as the construc tion of the buildings belonging to one is frequently entrusted to architects and surveyors, especially in a country practice, it is desirable to oll'er a few observations respecting farm buildings. The directions of Vit•uvius are as follow :— •"Ihe magnitude of the must depend wholly on the quantity of land attached to them, and upon its produce. The number of courts and their dimensions must be propor tioned to the herds of cattle and quantity of oxen employed. The kitchen should be situated in the warmest part of' the court, and the stable for the oxen contiguous to it ; the stalls should be made to face the hearth and the cast. because w lien oxen are constantly exposed to light and heat they become smooth-coated. NO Ma», 110We \Tr ignorant will suffer cattle to thee any other quarter of the heavens than the east. The width of the stables ought not to be less than 10, nor more than 15 feet, their length proportioned to the number of ? dies, each of which should occupy an extent of 17 feet. The scalding-rooms should adjoin the kitchen, in order that the operation of cleansing the utensils may be perfO•med upon the spot. courts for sheep, &e., should

be so spacious as to allow not less than 4;. nor more than 6 feet, to each "The granaries should lie above ground, and made to front either the north or the north-east, in order that the grain may not be liable to ferment : hut. on the contrary. by exposure to a cold atmosphere, may be preserved a long time :all other prospects encourage the propagation of worms and insects destructive to grain. The stables should he built in the warmest part of the villa. most distant from the hearth ; because when horses are stalled near lire they become rough-coated. It is likewise expedient to have stalls for oxen at a distance from the kitchen, in the open air; these should be placed so as to front the cast, because if they are led there to be fed in winter, when the sky is unclouded, they will improve in appearance. The barns, the hay-yards, the eorn-chambe•s, and the mills, ought to be. without the %vans, so that the farm may be less liable to accidents by fire." An excellent work on 61in-buildings has been written by Mr. 0. A. Dean, of Stratford.