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Fret

frieze and architrave

FRET is also elaborate carved-work, the same as ENTAIL. FRIARY, the building inhabited by a fraternity of friars. FRIEZE, or FrtizE. (called by the Greeks zoophortts) the iniddle principal member of the entablature which separates the co•nice front the architrave.

The frieze was supposed to be originally firmed by the transverse beams. which were necessory to prevent the walls or sides froth spreading outwards by the pressure of the rafters of the roof.

The Doric is the only order that has an enriched frieze peculiar to the under itsc-If. The ornaments with which the friezes of the Ionic, Corinthian. and Roman orders are fn.. qut•ntly decorated, are only accidental, and when introduced are accommodated to the circumstances or use of the build ing. When the frieze is charged with ornatnent, it ought to be higher than when plain. Vit•uvius directs the frieze of the Ionic to be one-fourth part less than the epistylitun, when it is plain ; and one-fourth part greater when orna mented ; this seems reasonable, in order to set oil' the decorations to greater advantage.

Ancient examples show no authority for a general propor tion in all the orders. In the Grecian Doric, the frieze is very high, being equal to the altitude of the architrave, and each of these greater than the cornice ; the Corinthian, on account of the numerous members of the cornice, has its frieze less than one-third of the height of the entablature.

Vitruvius makes the line of separation between the frieze and the cornice immediately under the dentils, and not at the bottom of the cymadum, as by Palladio, Perault, and others ; for the frieze must have a terminating member as well as the architrave.