GANG-WAY, a temporary stair, made with planks set edge to edge of each other, having transverse pieces of wood nailed over for steps ; used particularly by masons, brick layers, and carpenters, for ascending or descending the vari ous stories of a building, beIbre the stairs are put up.
GAOL, (from the French, geole, formed of the Latin, gear, gook, or guyala, a cage) a prison, or place of legal confinement ; the word is now generally written JAIL.
Every county has two ; one tor debtors, which may be any house where the sheriff pleases; the other tbr the peace and mutters of the crown, which is the county gaol.
By 22 and 23 Car. 11. e. 20, the gaoler shall keep debtors and felons separate, on pain of forfeiting his office, and treble damages to the party aggrieved ; and by 31 Geo. III. e. 46, transports are to be kept separate from other prisoners. As time gaol is intended, in most cases, for custody, and not for punishment, it is enacted by 14 Geo. III. c. 59, that the jus tices, in their several quarter-sessions, shall order the walls and ceilings of the several cells and wards, both of the debtors and felons, and of any other rooms used by the prisoners in their respective gaols, where felons are usually confined, to be scraped and whitewashed once in the year, at least, and to he regularly washed and kept clean, and constantly sup plied with fresh air by hand-ventilators or otherwise ; and shall order two rooms in each gaol, one Ilsr the men and an other for the women, to he set apart for sick prisoners ; and order a warm and cold bath, or commodious bathing-tub, to be provided in each gaol, and direct the. prisoners to be washed in such warm or cold baths, or bathing-tubs, &e., and they shall appoint an experienced surgeon and apotltheary, at a stated salary, to attend the gaol, and to reportot each quar ter-sessions, the state of the health of the prisoners ; order clothes for the prisoners when they see occasion, prevent their being kept under ground, when it can be done conveniently, and from time to time make orders for restoring or In-serving the health of the prisoners; the expenses to be paid out of the county rates, or out of the public stock of any city, fran chise, or place to which the gaols belong. The gaoler is
subject to fine for neglect or disobedience of the orders of justices, by complaint to the judges of assize, or to the jus tices ill their quarter-sessions. By 31 Geo. 111. e. 46, visit ing-justices are appointed for inspecting gaols at least three times in each quarter of a year, in order to prevent abuses, &c., and they are to report to time quarter-sessions. The jus tices in sessions may also appoint clergymen to officiate in gaols, and allow them a salary to be paid out of the county rates.
If a gaol be out of repair, insufficient, &c., time justices of the peace in their quarter-sessions may agree with work men for rebuilding or repairing it ; and by warrant under their hands and seals, order the sum agreed upon to be levied upon the several hundreds and divisions in the county, by a proportionate rate; and the justices in sessions may burrow, on mortgage of the said rates, any sum not less than £50 nor more than £100, and discharge the whole by yearly ments. I I and 1• Will. Ill. cap. 19. 24 Geo. III. e. 54.
GA I:1), Pont du. See AQUEDUCT, BRIDGE.