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five, gates and wood

GATE, in Rural Economy, a frame of wood constructed with a number of bars, and fixed in such a manner as to swing upon hinges, for the purpose of affording convenient passage into and out of inclosed grounds, or other places.

In the constructing of gates, of whatever kind or form they may be, the materials should constantly be well prepared by proper seasoning before they are put together ; a:, AN here this is not the case, they soon become much injured by their constant exposure to the effects of the sun and wind. They also require that the different parts be put together with con siderable accuracy and correctness. In respect to durability, there can be no doubt but that oak is by much the best sort of wood to be employed ; but some ut' the more light kinds of wood, such as those of the deal, willow, and alder sorts, answer the purpose extremely well, and are very durable, as, on account of their lightness, they do not destroy them selves so much in shutting. It is found by experience that

the lighter gates can be made in their foreparts, so that they be sufficiently strong for the intended purpose, the better they answer. For this reason, in some cases, as where horses are chiefly to be confined, the top bars, by being left of more strength, may admit of' the others having less substance; but if this be not•done, they are apt to be broken by the horses rubbing their necks upon them, unless where they are made of great height.

The width of gates for general purposes is mostly from eight and a half to nine feet, and the height from five to six feet ; the bars being five or six in number, and each four or five inches in breadth. Hence they are frequently donomi tutted five or six-barred gates. In cases where fiiwls or other small animals are to be guarded against, it is better to run a smaller bar between the two lowermost ones, as by this means their passage is prevented.