Home >> Encyclopedia-of-architecture-1852 >> Hippodrome to Labyrinth

Encyclopedia of Architecture by Peter Nicholson (1852)

Hippodrome
Hippodrome, (from The Latin, Hippodromus, Com Posed Of Irra-oc, Horse, And Dponoc, Course, Of The Verb Dpep.w, Curro, I Run.) In Antiquity, A List, Or Course, Wherein Chariot And Horse-races Were Performed, And Horses Exercised. The Olympian Hippodrome, Or Horse-course, Was A Space Of Ground 600 Paces Lung, Surrounded With ...

Hyperbola
Hyperbola, A Mbige/w/, That Which Has One Of Its Infinite Legs Fidling, Within An Angle Formed By The Asymptotes, And The Other Falling Without That Angle. Tivpeatiola, Apo//aaian, The Common Hyperbola, As Derived From The Cone. See Hyperbola. Ily Perbola, Deficient, A Curve Having Only One A_sy Mpt Ote, Though ...

Hypocaltstum
Hypocaltstum, (from I;l7o Under, And Kavcov To Burn,) Among The Greeks And Romans, A Subterraneous Place, In Which Was A Furnace For Heating The Baths. Another Kind Of Hypocaustum Was A Sort Of Kiln To Heat Their Winter Parlours. Several Hypocausts Have Been Found Amongst The Roman Remains Still Existing ...

I 1 Close
I 1 ;clos E, A Screen Frequently Of Open-work, Cm Idoy Ed In Churches To Separate Chapels, Tombs', And Other Portions Of The Elnireh From The Main Body. Py\ Izent, Anthony, In Biography, An Eminent Mathe Matician, Born At Paris In The Year L(60. At A Very Early Period, He ...

I Ian D
I Ian D, A Measure Of' Four Inches. And-i Rtoxs. Sec End-irons. Hasu-1:a11., Of A Stair, A Rail Raised Upon Slender Posts, Called Balusters, Intended To Assist Persons In Ascending And Descending, And To Protect Them From Falling Down The Well. Hole. I I The Art Of Making Hand Rails ...

I Milers
I Milers A Name !riven To A Mile Erection Of Stones Existing Near St. Clare, Cornwall. Th.,y Are Of Druidical Ol'i Gill. Sre Celtic A Rciiitecture. Rill Es, In Engineering, Is Sometimes Applied. At New Castle And Other Places, To The Strong Stages R Wood Erected On The Sides Of ...

Ice House
Ice-house, A Repository For The Preservation Of Ice During The Summer Months. The Aspect Of An Ice-house Ought To Be Towards The South East. On Account Of The Advantage Of The Morning Sun In Expelling The Damp Air, Which Is Far More Prejudicial To It Than Warmth. The Best Soil ...

Indian Architecture
Indian Architecture, The Style Which Was Prac Tised By The Inhabitants Of India. Although What Relates To India Was Anciently But Very Imperfectly Known To The Western World, Yet Such Is The Change In Human Fdliiirs, And The Eagerness With Which Every Matter Relating To India Has Of Late Been ...

Indian Rubber
Indian Rubber, The Substance Known By The Names Indian Rubber, Elastic Gum, Cayenne Resin, •autaoc, And By The French Eaoutchou•, Is Prepared From The Milky Juice Which Occurs In Several Plants, Such As The Siphonia Calnica, Jatroplia Elastica, &c. It Is, However, Extracted Chiefly From The First Plant, Which Grows ...

Instruments
Instruments, Hatkematical, A Set Of Implements For Describing Mathematical Diagrams And Drawings Of Every Description, When The Figures Or Elementary Parts Are Com Posed Of Straight Lines, Circles, Or Arcs Of Circles. The Most Useful Drawing Instruments Are The Tbilowing A Drawing-pen—a Pair Of Plain Compasses, Commimly Called Pair Of ...

Ionic Order
Ionic Order, The Second Order Of Architecture, In Point Of Time, Among The Greeks. When The Novelty Of The Doric Order Had Abated, The Desire Of Producing Something New Soon Led The Way To The Invention Of Another Species; And In Erecting The Temple Of Diana, They Sought A New ...

Iron Bridge
Iron Bridge, A Species Of Bridge Constructed, As Its Name Implies, Of Iron, Which Was First Applied To This Pur Pose In England, Towards The Close Of The 18th Century. The Merit Of Having Employed This Material In Bridge Building, Has Been Generally Claimed For The English, But More Accurate ...

Isiac Table
Isiac Table, One Of The Most Considerable Monuments Of Antiquity, Being A Plate Of Copper Or Brass, Discovered At Rome, In 1525, And Supposed, By The Various Figures In Has Relief Upon It, To Represent The Feasts Of Isis, And Other Egyi Thin Deities. With Regard To The History Of ...

Isuleuai
Isuleuai, Is The Term Now Generally Used To Desig Nate A Sepulchral Chapel Or Edifice Erected For The Reception Of A Monument ; But It Originally Applied Only To The Magni Ficent Struetme Raised By Artemisia, As The Tomb Of Her Husband Mausolus, King Of Caria, At Halicarnassus, B.c. 352. ...

Italian
Italian Architecictize.—a Style Of Architecture Prevalent In Italy During The Fourteenth And Two Following Centuries, But More Esp,2cially During The Lifteenth, From Which Circumstance It Obtained Another Designation, Being Known Likewise Under The Name Of The Cinque.cen To Style. The Term " Italian " Does Not Include Every Style And ...

James Germain Soufflot
Soufflot, James Germain, An Eminent Architect, Born, In 1714, At Iraney, Near Auxerre. His Father, An Avocat Of The Parliament, Destined Him For His Own Profession, And Sent Him, While Very Young, To Paris For Education ; But Preferring The Science Of Architecture, He Was For Some Time Employed In ...

Joinery
Joinery. The Term Door Is Sometimes Applied To The Gates Of Locks Or Sluices. Doolzway, The Entrance Or Aperture In Which The Door Is Hung. Doorways Are Usually Rectangular In Shape, But Sometimes Arched. In The Early Styles Previous To The Intro Duction Of The Arch, All Apertures Consisted By ...

Keeping
Keeping, To Be In Keeping With, Or Harmonize With,—a Technical Term Used In Painting, And Signifying The Peculiar Management Of Those Parts Of The Art, Colouring And Chiaro Scuro, Which Produces The Proper Degree Of Relievo In Objects Admitted Into A Composition ; According To Their Relative Positions In The ...

Kiln
Kiln. Lime, A Sort Of Kiln Constructed For The Purpose Of Burning Lime. The Operation Called Burning Lime, Consists In Exposing Marble, Limestone, Chalk, Oyster-shells, Or Any Other Carbonate Of Lime, For Some Time To A White Heat. By W Hick Means The Carbonic Acid And Water Contained In These ...

Kitchen
Kitchen (welsh, Kegin) The Cooking-room, An Apart Ment Used Fur The Preparation Of Food, And Furnished With Suitable Accommodations And Utensils For That Purpose, Of Which The Following Are Some Of The Principal. A Range Of Grating ; A Smoke-jack In The Chimney, To Turn The Spits For Roasting; A ...

Labyrinth
Labyrinth, (greek, Aarkptv0o0 Among The Ancients, A Large And Intricate Edifice Cut Into Various Isles And Meanders Running Into Each Other, So As To Render It Difficult To Get Out. Four Celebrated Labyrinths Were Noted By The Ancients, And By Pliny Ranked Amongst The Wonders Of The World : Viz., ...