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or Flutings Flutes

temple, fillets, doric, surface and terminate

FLUTES, or FLUTINGS, prismatic cavities depressed within the surfiee of a piece of arehiteeture at regular distances, generally of a circular or elliptic section, meeting each other in an anis; or [fleeting the surface in an arris, and leaving a !Jordon of the surf:lee between every two cavities of an equal breadth; or I hminishing in a regular progiession; according as the surface is plane or curved. or applie I to a prismatic or tapering body.

When a portion of the surtitee is left between every two flutes, th it portion is called a fillet. When the flutes are paral!el, or diminish neemidinic to any law, the fillets are also parallel. or diminish in the same lev•k.o.

The proportion of each fillet to a flute is from a third to a fifth of the breadth of the flute. That species of fluting. in ww h ch the flutes meet each (idler without the intervention of fi lets, is gemnally applied to the Do is order; an I that with fillets, to the shafts of the I (Me and Corinthian orders. The flutes most frequently terminate in a spher;cal (i• spheroidal form, particularly in those which hive fillets. In the tunic order of the temple (if Minerva Polins at. Athens, th upper ends of the fillets of the shafts of the columns terminate w ith astragals, projecting from the surtiwie of the filet: the astragals may begin at a small distance from the tip of the shaft, ascend upwards, and hind round the tip of the flute. In the Corinthian order of the monument of at Athens, the upper ends of the fillets break into leaves in a most beautifill manner. In the Doric examples or the temple of Theseus, and of the temple of Minerva at Ailt•ns, and or the portico of Philip king of Macedon, in the island of Delos, the upper ends if the flutes terminate upon the supelficies of a Cone immediately under the :mullets, in a tangent to the bottom of the curve of the eehinus of the capital. The same kind of termination takes place in

the temple of Apollo at Cora, in Italy : but in this example, the (ionic termination of the flutes is not under the abacus, but it small distance down the shaft, leaving a small part quite a plain cylinder, and thus forting the hypetrochelean or neck ef the capital. In other ancient examples of the Doric order, the flutes terminate a plane surface porpend.cular to the axis of the columns, or parallel to the horizon, as in the Propylea at Athens. Palladio, and other Italian authors, have terminated the flutes of the shafts of their designs of Doric coinnins in the segments of spheres tang al by the surfaces of the flitting.

In the temple of U iechus, at Tens, in Ionia, the lower extremities of the flutes descend into the scapc of the column.

The Greeks never applied fluting to any member of the D uric, ord.•r, except the shall, and this was their general 'inlet ice.

Fluting w•a used by the Romans almost in every plane, and in every evliedrieal surface. See a very tine specimen in the corunit of the cornice of the temple of Jupiter Stator, at Rome.

The number of flutes in the Doric order is twenty, and in tunic. ('orintlLan. and Gunposite, twenty-four. Flutes are sometitnes filled with cables or staves, except in the Doric erder. The cables do not reach hither than one-third of the entire ()idiom). See COLUMN, CABLE.