HOW TO MAKE BARN DOORS.
Large-size barn doors that are strong and rigid, yet do not take up too much room in thick ness, are the kind most wanted.
Fig. 140 shows two sectional drawings with elevations suitable for barn doors. The first is made of three thicknesses of boards as shown. The center is of boards placed verti Fig. 140. How to Make a Heavy Barn Door.
cally, and ceiling placed diagonally on both sides, covering the whole space, and well nailed. This will make a door inches thick.
The second is made of two pieces for the framework, lapped and screwed together. The panel work is made of ceiling cut in and nailed with a stop-mould to cover the nail heads. All the laps and joints should be painted with white lead paint. This will make a door inches thick.
Hay-Mow Doors. The best way to hang hay mow doors for a barn with hay track high up in the gable, the door eight or ten feet wide, and made to swing clear back, is a point that often gives trouble to the barn builder who wants to make a neat job.
Fig. 141. Hay Door Hung with Weights.
Figs. 141 to 145 show the various arrange ments. Fig. 141 is for a single door hung with weights and run in grooved jambs on the outside of the building. With this kind of arrangement, the door is made to slide up and down, and in this way can be made to slide close up to the comb.
Fig. 142 is for double doors, with small doors from these up to the carrier. With this arrange ment, the doors can be hung with butts, and will swing clear of the cornice; but there should be a movable cross-bar at the top of the big doors to give a solid bearing to shut against. The bar can be removed when putting in hay, thus leav ing a clear space down to the larger opening, Fig. 142. Double Hay-Mow Doors.
as it is not particularly necessary to have the full-sized opening run all the way up to the carrier.
Fig. 143 is a sketch of double hay doors for a barn that are very satisfactory. The general instructions for making are as follows: Lay off the door in halves to fill the opening clear up to the track. Next begin at the outer upper corner and lay a downward line towards the center of the door at the same angle as the pitch of the roof. Cleat and saw on this line,
and put hinges on the inside. This top leaf will Fig. 143. Double Doors to Swing and Fold Down.
then fold down as the door opens, and all will swing under the cornice and lie flat against the wall.
To fasten the doors open, make a double ended spiked pole, with which press the outer or top fold of the door up firmly against the fascia, seating the lower end of spiked pole near the bottom of the door. There should be a 2 by 4 or a 2 by 6 bar across the opening to hook the doors to, as well as for safety, while opening or closing.
Fig. 144 is a sketch of another way of hang ing large barn doors, which has given good satis faction wherever it has been used.
rig. 144. Weighted Doors on Inclined Tracks.
Any flat barn-door track will do. A rope is tied to the lower hanger and rim through a 5-inch wooden pulley set in rafter; from there it is run down inside of rafter 3 or 4 feet to another pulley; and from there to a small weight below, which will run between two studs. Hanging a door this way does not take as heavy a weight as running it up and down the grooves, and it runs more easily. When doors are both closed, they can be fastened together on the inside with a hook. Bumpers on the outside of the barn prevent them from running off the track.
Fig. 145. Hay-Mow Door to Fold Down.
A practical barn builder writes concerning hay-mow doors as follows: "For some time I thought to hang the door with weights was the only way ; but the last one of that kind I put up, two of us worked over an hour trying to get it to work right; finally we made the guides so loose that the door would nearly fall out. It did not work well then. If the wall springs either in or out, the door will bind.
"The enclosed illustration (Fig. 145) will give you my plan. The wire, a, has a hook on the upper end to hook into the pulley, as shown. A pull on the hay-rope will raise the door with ease. The carrier trips the same as with a load of hay. The door is pulled up close, or left open a little for ventilation. Tie the hay-rope any place, and it holds the door, which, being hinged at the bottom, hangs below the opening, out of the way."