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Building Superintendence 76

foreman, gang, erection, rivets, rivet and jobs

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BUILDING SUPERINTENDENCE 76. Shipping Clerk and Yard Master. The business of the Shipping Clerk should be to keep track of the shipping bills, and to see what ma terial comes in. He should at once notify the Yard Master and Storekeeper, in order that they may provide for it.

The Yard Master's position is very impor tant; and upon him, as much as on anyone, depends whether or not the work will progress without a hitch. He should be familiar with the marking diagram. He should keep all material of one class—say all diagonals, all posts, all top chords, etc.—in separate piles easy of access, and should have them piled up so that their marks can easily be found and read. He should be on hand constantly, in order to see that the erection gang may find a member immediately. A carefully kept account of all material received, and all given out, and to whom given, will greatly simplify matters in case of a misunderstanding, and will also indicate what members have been erected and what tonnage has been erected in a given time.

77. Rivet Foreman.

A general Foreman of Riveters is important to the efficient working of this class of labor. His duty should be to see that a plentiful supply of fuel, rivets of the proper size and length, and tools, is furnished each rivet gang. He should also keep an eye on the air-hose and the compressor plant, and be familiar with them. Above all, he should him self be a practical riveter, and should not hesi tate to instruct his men in case they show the need. If it is known by the rivet gangs that the Foreman will not stand for burnt rivets when the Inspector is not present, a great amount of expense will be avoided, since a good Inspector will detect the rivets, the result being that they have to be cut out, the hole rebored in many cases, and a larger rivet driven.

78. Foreman of Riggers.

Many firms let their erection men do the rigging; but on work of any magnitude—and indeed on any work— it is better to have a foreman and gang who do nothing but the rigging, and keep the material in order. This latter point is important, since a breaking rope will ofttimes cause a member to be so bent as to require that it be returned to the shop to be fixed up; and in this manner a very large part of the prospective profit will vanish. Good riggers, with their knowledge of

knots and splices, are a valuable adjunct for the economical erection of structures.

79. Foremen of the Erection Gangs.

On small jobs, the Superintendent is the Foreman; and on many other jobs, one foreman is all that is required. On large jobs, or where erection is from the two ends toward the center, it is ad visable to have two foremen. In such cases, they should report directly to the Superintend ent; and men working under one should, if pos sible, be kept under him, since a man used to the methods of one foreman will likely find fault with the methods of the other, and this will tend to lessen the efficiency of the organization. The Foreman should see that the next piece in order is ready before the men are ready for it, so that it can be lowered into place without delay; and should take care to see that no man wastes time trying to do something that could be done in a few minutes with a block and tackle and the assistance of the hoisting engine.

80. Efficiency of Working Force.

The effi ciency of the working force may be increased in several ways. The first is to stimulate interest in the work by the offering of a bonus, which of course is given by the firm. Determine the aver age tonnage erected, and the average number of rivets driven; and then employ a boy to keep track of these, and post them on a blackboard at the end of the day, so that all may see what the different gangs have done. Watch the increase in the amount of work done! If the company will not offer a bonus, give the best gang for that week a half-day or a few hours off. The result will be surprising, as each will try to outdo the other. This has the additional advantage of cut ting out the poor man, since the better men in the gang do not want him with them, no matter how "good a fellow" he may be.

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