Home >> The-grocers-encyclopedia-1911 >> Adulteration to Food Values >> Ceylon Teas

Ceylon Teas

pekoe, broken and leaf


The ordinary grades of Ceylon Tea are largely marketed in this country as "Cey lon Tea" of First quality, Second quality, etc.

A fuller division is into the following principal varieties, each subject to sub division into several grades : Broken Orange Pekoe, or "Flowery Pekoe," the very finest variety : small young leaves and a large proportion of Golden Tips.

This grade is not generally marketed here because the U. S. Laws prohibit the entry of any tea containing more than a certain percentage of Broken Leaf that will pass through a certain designated sieve. As Broken Orange Pekoe is always small in leaf and contains a considerable proportion of still smaller tea, it must be very care fully screened if it is to pass the test, and the loss and difficulty thus involved pre vent all but the very largest importers from attempting it. The intent of the act when passed was to guard the public against inferior and unclean grades, but it has also resulted in keeping out some very choice types.

Orange Pekoe: similar to Broken Orange Pekoe, but the leaves larger and with a smaller proportion of Tips. The liquor is clear and fragrant.

Pekoe: leaf slender, whitish and satiny; liquor, dark-reddish, bright and fragrant.

Pekoe-Souchong and Souchongóconstituting the bulk of the Ceylon teas of gen eral consumption, blended frequently with Pekoe : leaf larger and coarser than the preceding varieties, but giving a rich and pleasant liquor.

It is the black varieties which have won popularity for Ceylon teas, but some Green Ceylon is also prepared under titles corresponding to those of China Green.

Ceylon teas are further divided by shippers into "low" and "high" grownóthose from low ground and those from higher altitudes. The latter are much superior.