PAW-PAW. See matter under title of PAPAW.
The Cowpea, or "field pea" of the South, belongs to the bean family (see BEANS).
Peas should always be kept in a dry, cool place.
Careful sorting and separating precede the putting up of the better grades. The general formula calls for equal quantities of brine and green peas in each can, with sometimes the addition of sugar, the sealed cans being cooked and sterilized in similar manner to other canned vegetables. The domestic output is graded as "Fancy," "Stand ard," "Seconds," etc.
The most expensive grades are those imported from France. Peas preserved by the French process retain their natural flavor but are artificially colored, as in prepara tion their original green hue becomes slightly yellow. The coloring process consists in placing them before canning in a solution containing sulphate of copper in the pro portion generally of one gram to a liter of water. "Extra fine" peas are allowed to remain in the liquid for eight to ten minutes ; "fine" peas, seven to eight minutes ; "medium" peas, six minutes, and "coarse" peas, five minutes. The peas so treated
resume and retain a fine green color, hence their name of Petits Pois reverdis.
French peas are also prepared in a number of special forms—the most important of which is Petits Pois au Beurre, "small, or new, peas in butter." Ordinary canned peas require seasoning before service, but in this style the seasoning is added before canning and they require nothing but heating. A well-trained palate is needed to dis tinguish them from the fresh vegetable.
There is also a fair consumption of the ripe pea, hulled and "split," but it merits much wider appreciation. Its food value is very high (see article on FOOD VALUES) . In Europe, it is as largely consumed as the dried bean.
When preparing dried or evaporated peas for the table, they should be soaked in cold water for eight or ten hours, during which they will resume their normal size and moisture. The subsequent boiling should be long and slow to make them easily digesti ble, but they are well worth the trouble.
Pea, or Pease, Soup is especially agreeable to the palate if a little meat—fresh-beef, ham or salt pork, etc.—is boiled in it.