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scotch and bladders

SNUFF: is made from various grades of leaf tobacco and in many styles, from fine-powdered to coarse, and from plain to highly perfuthed.

There are three main classes : Scotch, dry, yellow or light-colored and finely powdered, its distinctive odor due to the extent to which the "toasting" is carried ; Maccoboy, which is semi-moist, and usually not so finely powdered as Scotch, and Rappee, which is quite moist, the grain varying from very fine to very coarse. Scotch snuff is usually divided into : Plain or Strong Scotch, Sweet Scotch, Salt Scotch, High Toast Scotch and Irish or Lundyfoot Scotch.

The habit of snuff-taking is much less general than formerly, but "snuff-rubbing" —rubbing the teeth and gums with it, generally by means of a tooth brush or similar small brush—has extended widely through the South and Southwest, and large quan tities are manufactured expressly for that trade.

The oils used in perfuming are expensive and form one of the most important items in the cost of manufacture. They vary in price from two or three dollars, to more than a hundred dollars, per pound. Attar or oil of roses, employed in scenting many varieties and a great favorite among snuff-takers, costs from five to eight dol lars an ounce. Great quantities of oil of lemon, bergamot, etc., are also consumed annually. The olfactories of customers are very sensitive to perfumes, and many manufacturers find it difficult to cater successfully to their tastes.

After the snuff has been scented, it is packed in jars, bladders or foil, and stamped with the government international revenue stamp. Scotch, also known as "yellow" snuff, is always put up in carefully prepared bladders.