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King

court, kings, crown and liberty

KING at arnm, Lton, for Scotland, is the second king at arms for Great Bri tain ; he is invested and solemnly crown ed. Ile publishes the king's proclamations, marshals funerals, reverses arms, ap appoints messengers at arms, &c. See Co x.LEGE of heralds.

KING's Bench. The King's Bench is the supreme court of common law in the kingdom ; and is so called because the King used to sit there in person : it con sists of a chief justice, and three puisne justices, who are by their office the sove reign conservators of the peace, and su preme coroners of the land. This court has a peculiar jurisdiction, not only over all capital offences, but also over all other misdemeanors of a public nature, tending either to a breach of the peace, ur to op. pression, or faction, or any manner of misgovernment. It has a discretionary power of inflicting exemplary punish ment on offenders, either by fine, imprison ment, or other infamous punishment, as the nature of the crime, considered in all its circumstances, shall require.

The jurisdiction of this court is so transcendant, that it keeps all inferior ju risdictions within the bounds of their au thority ; and it may either remove their proceedings, to be determined here, or prohibit their progress below : it super intends all civil corporations in the king commands magistrates and others to do what their duty requires by manda mus, in every case where there is no spe cific remedy ; protects the liberty of the subject, by speedy and summary interpo sition ; and takes cognizance both of cri minal and ciyilcauses, the former in what is called the crown side, or crown office the latter in the plea side of the court.

This court has cognizance, on the plea side, of all actions of trespass, or other injury alleged to be committed vi et am mis ; of actions for forgery of deeds, maintenance, conspiracy, deceit ; and ac tions on the case which allege any falsity or fraud. In proceedings in this court the defendant is arrested for a supposed trespass, which in reality he has never committed, and being thus in the custody of the marshal of this court, the plaintiff is at liberty to proceed against him for any other personal injury, which surmise of being in the custody of the marshal the defendant is not at liberty to dispute. This court is likewise a court of appeal, into which may be removed, by writ of error, all determinations of the court of Common Pleas, and of all inferior courts of record in England. It is now usually held at Westminster ; but was formerly attendant upon the King's person, and original writs are returnable wheresoe. ver we (the King) shall then be in En gland."