LIEUTENANT of a ship of war, the offi cer next in rank and power to the cap tain; of these there are several in a large ship, who take precedence according to the dates of their first commissions. The oldest lieutenant, during the absence of the captain, is charged with the command of the ship, as also the execution of what ever orders he may have received from the commander, relating to the King's service. The lieutenant who commands the watch at sea, keeps a list of all the offi cers and men thereto belonging, in order to muster them when he judges it expe dient, and report to the captain the names of those who are absent from their duty. During the night-watch he occa sionally visits the lower decks, or sends thither a careful officers to see that the proper sentinels are at their duty, and that there is no disorder amongst the men ; no tobacco smoked between decks, nor any fire or candles burning there, except the lights which are in lan terns, under the, care of a proper watch, for particular purposes. He is expected
to be always on deck in his watch, as well to give the necessary orders with regard to trimming the sails, and superintending the navigation, as to prevent any noise and confusion ; but he is never to change the ship's course without the captain's directions, unless to avoid an immediate danger. In time of battle, the lieutenant is particularly to see that all the men are present at their quarters, where they have been previously stationed, accord ing to the regulations made by the cap tain. He orders and exhorts them every where to perform their duty, and ac quaints the captain at all other times of the misbehaviour of any persons in the ship, paid of whatever else concerns the service or discipline.