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Lanius
Lanius, The Shrike, In Natural Histo Ry, A Genus Of Birds Of The Order Picze. Generic Character: Bill Straightish, With A Tooth Or Notch Nearthe End Of The Upper Mandible ; The Tongue Jagged At The End; Outer Toe Connected With The Middle One So Far As The First Joint. ...

Lantern
Lantern, Magic, An Optic Machine, Whereby Little Painted Images Are Repre Sented So Much Magnified As To Be Ac Counted The Effect Of Magic By The Ig Norant. See Optics. The Contrivance Is Briefly This: A B C 13 (plate Rim Miscel. Fig. 1.) Is A Tin Lan Tern, From ...

Lapsed
Lapsed Legacy, Is, Where The Legatee Dies Before The Testator, Or Where A Lega Cy Is Given Upon A Fliture Contingency, And The Legatee Dies Before The Contingen Cy Happens. As If A Legacy Is Given To A Person When He Attains The Age Of Twenty One Years, And The ...

Lards
Lards, The Gull, In Natural History, A Genus Of Birds Of The Order Anseres. Ge Neric Character Bill Strong, Straight, Sharp Edged, Bending Down Somewhat At The Tip; Lower Mandible Exhibiting An An Gular Prominence ; Nostrils In The Middle Of The Bill ; Body Light ; Wings Long; Legs ...

Lathe
Lathe, In Turning, Is An Engine Used In Turning Wood, Ivory, And Other Mate Rials. The Lathe We Are About To Describe Is Made Of Iron, In The Best Manner. See Plate Lathe. Pig. 1, Is Art Elevation Of The Whole Machine Frontwise; Fig. 2, An Elevation Sideways ; Fig. ...

Latitude
Latitude, The Distance Of A Place From The Equator, Or An Arc Of The Meri Dian Intercepted Between The Zenith Of The Place And The Equator. Hence Lati Tude Is Either Northern Or Southern, Ac Cording As The Place, Whose Latitude Is Spoken Of, Is On This Or That Side ...

Latten
Latten, Denotes Iron Plates Tinned Over, Of Which Tea-canisters Are Made. Plates Of Iron Being Prepared Of A Proper Thinness, Are Smoothed By Rusting Them In An Acid Liquor, As Common Water Made Eager With Rye : With This Liquor They Fill Certain Troughs, And Then Put In The Plates, ...

Laurus
Laurus, In Botany, Bay-tree, A Genus Of The Enneandria Monogynia Class And Order. Natural Order Of Itoloracem. Lauri, Jussieu. Essential Character : Calyx None ; Corolla Calycine, Six-parted ; Nectary Of Three Two-bristled Glands, Surrounding The Germ; Filaments Inner, Glanduliferous; Drupe One-seeded. There Are Thirty-two Species. This Genus Consists Of ...

Lavandula
Lavandula, In Botany, Lavender, A Genus Of The Didynamia Gymnospermia Class And Order. Natural Order Of Verti Cillatx. Labiatm, Jussieu. Essential Cha Racter: Calyx Ovate, Obscurely Toothed, Supported By A Bracte ; Corolla Re-supine ; Stamina Within The Tube. There Are Seven Species, Of Which L. Silica, Common Laven Der, ...

Laws Of Connections
Laws Of Connections, • We Now Proceed To Our Second Object (§ 18), 'viz. To Point Out And Illustrate Some Of The Leading Laws Of That Class Of Associations Which We Term Connections ; Premising That Many Of The Observations Which Follow Are, As The Reader Will Rea Dily Perceive, ...

Lead
Lead, Is A White Metal, Of A Consider. Ably Blue Tinge, Very Soft And Flexible, Not Very Tenacious, And Consequently Incapa• Ble Of Being Drawn Into Fine Wire, Though It Is Easily Extended Into Thin Plates Un Der The Hammer. Its Weight Is Very Con. Siderable, Being Rather 5reater Than ...

Lease
Lease, In Law, Otherwise Called A De Mise, Is A Conveyance Or Letting Of Lands Or Tenements, In Consideration Of Rent, Or Other Annual Recompense Made For Life, For Years, Or At Will; But Always For A Less Time Than The Interest Of The Lessor In The Premises; For If ...

Lease
Lease, A Conveyance Of Lands, Or Tene Ments, For A Term Of Years, Or During The Continuance Of A Life Or Lives, In Consider Ation Of A Stipulated Rent Or Other Recom Pense. The Purchaser Of A Lease May Be Con Sidered As The Purchaser Of An Annuity Equal To ...

Leather
Leather, The Skin Of Several Sorts Of Beasts Dressed And Prepared For The Use Of The Various Manufacturers, Whose Bu Siness It Is To Make Them Up. The Butcher And Others, Who Flay Off Their Hides Or Skin, Dispose Of Them Raw Or Salted To The Tanner And Lawyer, And ...

Ledum
Ledum, In Botany, A Genus Of The De. Candria Monogynia Class And Order. Na Tural Order Of Bicornes. Rhododendra, Jussieu. Essential Character ; Calyx Five.. Cleft ; Corolla Flat, Five-parted; Capsule Five-celled, Gaping At The Base. There Are Three Species, All Natives Of The North Of Europe. These Shrubs Growing ...

Legacy
- Legacy, Is A Bequest Of A Sum Of Mo Ney, Or Any Personal Effects Of A Testator, And These Are To Be Paid By His Represen Tative, After All The Debts Of The Deceased Are Discharged, As Far As The Assets, Or Pro Perty Liable To Payment Of Debts ...

Leibnitz Goofrey
Leibnitz (goofrey Wattsst,) An Eminent Mathematician And Philosopher, Was Born At Leipsic, In Saxony, In 1646. At The Age Of Fifteen, He Applied Himself To Mathematics At Leipsic And Jena ; And In 1663, Maintained A Thesis De Principiis Individuationis. The Year Following He Was Admitted Master Of Arts. He ...

Lemur
Lemur, The Niticauco, In Natural Histo Ry, A Genus Of Mammalia, Of The Order Primates. Generic Character : In The Up Per Jaw Four Front Teeth, The Intermediate Ones Remote ; In The Lower Jaw, Six Long Er, Extended Forwards, Compressed, Paral Lel, And Approximated ; Tusks Solitary And Approximated ...

Lepus
Lepus, The Hare, In Natural History, A Genus Of Mammalia, Of The Order Glires. Generic Character : Two Fore-teeth Above And Below ; The Upper Pair Double, Two Small Ones Standing Within The Exterior. These Animals Exhibit Several Considera Ble Differences From Those Of The Order Glires In General, To ...

Letter
Letter, A Character Used To Express One Of The Simple Sounds Of The Voice ; And As The Different Simple Sounds Are Expressed By Different Letters, These By Being Differently Compounded, Become The Visible Signs Or Characters Of All The Mo Dulations And Mixtures Of Sounds Used To Express Our ...

Level
Level, An Instrument Constructed For The Purpose Of Ascertaining The Exact Level Of Any Fluid, Building, &c. Of These There Are Two Distinct Kinds, Viz. The Hori Zontal And The Perpendicular : The First Sort, Which Comprises Spirit And Air Levels, Is Chiefly In Use Among Surveyors; The Latter Is ...

Libellula
Libellula, In Natural History, Dra Gon-fly, A Genus Of Insects Of The Order. Neuroptera. Mouth Armed With Jaws, More Than Two In Number ; Lip Trifid ; An Tem= Very Thin, Filiform, And Shorter Than The Thorax; Wings Expanded ; Tail Of The Male Insect Furnished With A Forked Process. ...

Liberty
Liberty, In Its Most General Signifi Cation, Is Said To Be A Power To Do As One Thinks Fit ; Unless Restrained By The Law Of The Land : And It Is Well Observed, That Human Nature Is Ever An Advocate For This Liberty ; It Being The Gift Of ...

Library
Library, An Edifice Or Apartment Des Tined For Holding A Considerable Number Of Books Placed Regularly On Shelves ; Or, The Books Themselves Lodged In It. The First Who Erected A Library At Athens Was The Tyrant Pisistratus, Which Was Transported By Xerxes Into Persia, And Afterwards Brought Back By ...

Licula
Licula, In Botany, A Genus Of The Appendix Palmx. Natural Order Of Palms. Essential Character : Flowers All Hermaphrodite ; Calyx And Corolla Three Parted ; Nectary Sertiform ; Drupe. There Is But One Species, Viz- L. Spinosa, A Native Of Macassar And Celebes, Where The Inhabitants Make Much Use ...

Lieutenant
Lieutenant Of A Ship Of War, The Offi Cer Next In Rank And Power To The Cap Tain; Of These There Are Several In A Large Ship, Who Take Precedence According To The Dates Of Their First Commissions. The Oldest Lieutenant, During The Absence Of The Captain, Is Charged With ...

Life
Life, Duration Qf. The Uncertainty Of • The Continuance Of Human Life, Has Been A Fruitful Source Of Serious Reflections Not Only To Divines And Moralists Of All Ages, But Occasionally To Every Individual Of The Human Race. Independent Of The Host Of Fatal Diseases Which Are Continually Aug Menting ...

Light
Light From Plants. In Sweden A Very Curious Phenomena Has Been Observed On Certain Flowers By M. Haggern, Lecturer In Natural History. One Evening He Per Ceived A Faint Flash Of Light Repeatedly Dart From A Marigold. Surprised At Such An Uncommon Appearance, He Resolved To Examine It With Attention ...

Light
Light, Is That Principle Or Thing By Which Objects Are Made Perceptible To Our Sense Of Seeing ; Or The Sensation Oc Casioned In The Mind By The View Of Lu Minous Objects. The Nature Of Light Has Been A Subject Of Speculation From The First Dawnings Of Philosophy. Some ...

Lightning
Lightning. It Is Now Universally Allowed, That Lightning Is Really An Elec Trical Explosion Or Phenomenon. Philoso Phers Had Not Proceeded Far In Their Ex Periments And Inquiries On This Subject, Before They Perceived The Obvious Analogy Between Lightning And Electricity, And They Produced Many Arguments To Evince Their Similarity. ...

Lilly
Lilly (wituast), In Biography, A Noted English Astrologer, Born In Leices Tershire In 1602. His Father Was Not Able To Give Him Further Education Than Com Mon Reading And Writing ; But Young Lilly Being Of A Forward Temper, And En Dued With Shrewd Wit, He Resolved To Push His ...

Limax
Limax, In Natural History, The Slug. Body Oblong, Creeping, With A Fleshy Kind Of Shield Above, And A Longitudinal Flat Dish Beneath ; Aperture Placed On The Right Side, Within The Shield ; Four Feelers, Situate Above The Mouth, With An Eye At The Tip Of Each Of The Larger ...

Limit
Limit, In A Restrained Sense, Is Used By Mathematicians For A Determinate Quan Tity To Which A Variable One Continually Ap Proaches ; In Which Sense The Circle May Be Said To Be The Limit Of Its Circumscrib Ed And Inscribed Polygons. In Algebra, The Term Limit Is Applied To ...

Limitation
Limitation, A Certain Time Prescrib Ed By Statute, Within Which An Action Most Be Brought, Which Is Generally Twofold ; First In Writs, By Several Acts Of Parlia Ment, And, Secondly, To Make A Title To Any Inheritance, And That Is By The Com Mon Law. On Penal Statutes, All ...

Linen
Linen, In Commerce. The Linen Ma Nufacture Was Probably Introduced In To Britain With The First Settlements Of The Romans. The Flax Was Certainly First Planted By That Nation In The British Soil. The Plant Itself Indeed Appears To Have Been Originally A Native Of The East. The Woollen-drapery Would ...

Liquidamber
Liquidamber, In Botany, A Genus Of The Monoecia Polyandria Class And Order. Natural Order Of Coniferx. Amentacew, Jussieu. Essential Character : Male, Calyx Eommon,four-leaved; Corolla None : Fiiameats Numerous : Female : Calyx In A Globe, Fbur-leaved ; Corolla None ; Styles Two : Capsules Many In A Globe, Two ...

Liquorice
Liquorice. The Glycirrhiza, Or Common Liquorice Shrub, Has A Long, Thick, Creeping Root, Striking Several Feet Deep Into The Ground ; An Upright, Firm, Herbaceous, Annual Stalk, Three Or Four Feet High, Garnished With Winged Leaves, Of Four Or Five Pair Of Oval Lobes, Termi Nated By An Odd One ...

Liriodendrum
Liriodendrum, In Botany, A Genus Of The Polyandria Polygynia Class And Order. Natural Order Of Coadunatx. Magnolia, Jussieu. Essential Character : Calyx Three-leaved; Petals Six ; Seeds Im Bricated Into A Strobile. There Are Two Species, Viz. L. Tulipifera, Common Tulip Tree ; And L. Liffifera ; The Former Is ...

Listing
Listing. Persons Listed Are To Be Carried Within Four Days, But Not Sooner Than Twenty-four Hours, After They Have Enlisted, Before The Next Justice Of Peace Of Any County, Riding, City, Or Place, Or Chief Magistrate Of Any City Or Town Cor Porate (not Being An Officer In The Army); ...

Literary
Literary Property. Authors, It Should Seem, Had, By The Common Law, The Sole And Exclusive Copy-right Remain Ing In Themselves Or Their Assigns In Per Petuity, After Having Printed And Put. Fished Their Compositions. This, As A Com Mon Law Right, Was Strangely Questioned By Some Of Our Judges, Who ...

Lithotomt
Lithotomt. The Existence Of A Stone In The Blad Der Causes Various Symptoms In The Blad Der Itself; And Others In Neighbouring Parts. The Former Are Frequent Incli Nation To Void The Urine, Which Some Times Stops Suddenly From The Stone Me Chanically Obstructing Its Passage ; Pain In Making ...

Litilotomy
Litilotomy. The Existence Of A Stone In The Blad Der Causes Various Symptoms In The Blad Der Itself, And Others In Neighbouring Parts. The Former Are, Frequent Incli Nation To Void The Urine, Which Some Times Stops Suddenly From The Stone Me Chanically Obstructing Its Passage; Pain In Making Water, ...

Loan
Loan, In Finance, Money Borrowed By Government For Defraying The Extra Ordinary Expenses Of The State. The Comparative Advantage Or Disad Vantage Of The Terms, On Which The Public Loans Have Been Obtained At Different Pe Riods, Has Frequently Been Misrepresented, Either From Misconception Or For Party Purposes, Though It ...

Local
Local A Reference To The Nosologicol Table Of The System We Have Selected In This Work Will Prove This Class To Be Of A Very Vo Luminous, As Well As Of A Very Complicated Nature : And, As We Have Already Observed, Intended To Take In Every Disease Which Could ...

Locus
Locus Geometricus, Denotes A Line, By Which A Local Or Indeterminate Problem Is Solved. See Loc.u. Problem. A Locus Is A Line, Any Point Of Which May Equally Solve An Indeterminate Pro Blem. Thus, If A Right Line Suffice For The Construction Of The Equation, It Is Call Ed Locus ...

Loeselia
Loeselia, In Botany, From Joseph Loesel, A Genus Of The Didynamia An Giospermia Class And Order. Natural Or Der Of Convolvuli, Jussieu. Essential Character ; Calyx Four-cleft ; Corolla With All The Segments Directed One Way ; Sta Mina Opposite To The Petal; Capsule Three Celled. There Is But One ...

Logarithm
Logarithm, To ,find The Complement Of A. Begin At The Left Hand, And Write Down What Each Figure Wants Of 9, Only What The Last Significant Figure Wants Of 10; So The Complement Of The Logarithm Of 456, Viz. 2.6589648, Is 7.3410352. In The Rule Of Three. Add The Loga ...

Logarithmic
Logarithmic Curve. If On The Line A N (plate 'iii. Miscel. Fig. 12) Both Ways In Definitely Extended, Be Taken A C, C E, E G, G I L, On The Right Hand. And Also A G, G P, &c. On The Left, All Equal To One Another. And, If ...

Logarithms
Logarithms, Are The Indexes Ot Ex Ponents (mostly Whole Numbers And De Cimal Fractions, Consisting Of Seven Places Of Figures At Least) Of The Powers Or Roots (chiefly Broken) Of A Given Number ; Yet Such Indexes Or Exponents, That The Seve Ral Powers Or Roots They Express, Are The ...

Logic
Logic, The Art Of Reasoning. As The Necessities Of Our Existence Oblige Us To Think, And To Arrange Eur Thoughts In Such A Manner As May Enable Us To Com Municate With Each Other, We Are Habitu Ally Impelled Towards A Conclusion, That It Is Unnecessary To Teach Reasoning As ...

Login
Login The Anatomical Deecription Of The Body Is Technically Arranged Under The Following Heads : I. Osteology, Or The Description Of The Structure, Shape, And Uses Of The Hones. 2. Syndesmology, Or A Description Of The Connection Of Bones By Ligaments, And Of The Structure Of The Joints. Myology, Or ...

Loma
Loma, The Rosbnak, Ii. Natural Basin S Genus Of Birds Of The Order Passeres. ..snssrie, Character S Bill Strong, Mirk, Cons Ex Loth Above Rod Below, And Reload Ed At The Bast ; Nostrils Swag And Mind At The Vase Of The Bi0, Bowie Truncated. Thee Birds Art Timid And ...

Lonchurus
Lonchurus, In Natural History, A Genus Of Fishes Of The Order Thoracici. Generic Character : The Head Scaly ; Ven Tral Fins Separate ; The Tail Lanceolated. The Bearded Lonchurus Is A Native Of Surinam, About Twelve Inches In Length, Has A Slightly Lengthened Nose, Two Beards At The Lower ...

London Institution
London Institution, For The Advance Ment Of Literature And The Dilution Of Use Ful Knowledge. The Original Object Of The Promoters Of This Undertaking Was, The Acquisition Of An Extensive And Valuable Library, To Diffuse Useful Knowledge By The Means Of Lectures And Experiments, And To Establish A Reading-room, For ...

Long Omontanus
Long Omontanus (chaistian), A Learned Astronomer, Born In Denmark In 1562, In The Village Of Longomontam, Whence He Took His Name. Vossius, By Mistake, Calls Him Christopher. Being The Son Of A Poor Man, A Ploughman, He Was Obliged To Suffer, During His Studies, All The Hardships To Which He ...

Longevity
Longevity, The Continuance Of Life Beyond Its Ordinary Period Of Duration. The Term Of Human Life Does Not In Gene Ral Much Exceed 80 Years, But It Is Well Known That Instances Occasionally Occur Of Persons Living To The Age Of 100 Years And Upwards. Such Instances, However, Have Not ...