LONDON INSTITUTION, for the advance ment of literature and the dilution of use ful Knowledge. The original object of the promoters of this undertaking was, the acquisition of an extensive and valuable library, to diffuse useful knowledge by the means of lectures and experiments, and to establish a reading-room, for the reception and use of foreign and domes tic journals, periodical works, pamphlets, and new publications. Having accom plished this, procured a charter, and fair ly set the machine in motion, the follow ing regulations were adopted : all the concerns of the institution are governed by a committee of Managers, composed of the President, four Vice Presidents, twenty Managers, and the Secretary, who are chosen by and from the propri etors, one fourth of whom vacate their offices annually, but may be we-elected. A Committee of Visitors, consisting of the President and twelve other persons, none of whom are managers, elected by the proprietors from their own body, one fourth vacating their offices, as in the case of the managers, have authority to examine, at any time, every department of the institution, making their report at their own opt , either to the Committee of Managers, or Court of Proprietors ; and five of these concurri' g in the pro priety of the measure, may convene a special general meeting of the proprietors, after giving eight days previous notice.
An annual meeting is held in April, when five auditors are appointed by and from the proprietors, who are to examine the accounts of the institution, and prepare a report, to be printed, and presented to each proprietor previous to the next annu al meeting ; and at this meeting the elec tion of the president, one vice-president, five managers, three visitors, the treasu rer and secretary, takes place. The pre sident or a vice-president takes the chair ; but if neither should happen to be present, a manager is to preside : the secretary makes minutes of the proceedings, which are read at the next meeting, and if then approved of as correct, are to be signed by the president or chairman : notice is given eight days before the meeting in four of the morning papers, and papers for the intended ballot are prepared at the house of the institution : many other regulations are established on this head, and for calling special meetings, which are highly useful and proper, but arc too long for this article. The managers are
empowered to engage professors and lee• turers, who are to enter into courses on experimental philosophy, chemistry, and on the different departments of literature and the arts, which are to be given annu ally, or more frequently, if thought pro per, at the rooms of the establishment, at which time the managers are required to be careful that no other subjects are treated of, except such are decidedly connected with the objects of it. The managers are besides to elect and appoint annually, or otherwise, the professors, lecturers, librarians, the assistant secre taries, and other officers, who are subject to their control, and may be dismissed by them ; and they have the same powers with all the domestic servants of the institution ; they also direct all the affairs of the house, and make such regulations for it as they may think proper ; appoint a superintend ant of the inferior officers, and their ex penses; and may permit such attendants as they please to reside in the house. The managers are required to keep registers of all their receipts and payments, their own transactions, and those of their agents, &c. which, wi h the necessary vouchers, are to be completed to the 31st of Decem cer annually, and laid before the auditors by the 25th of March following. They have additional powers to admit foreign ers of high rank, or of distinguished sci entific acquirements, to the lectures, li brary, and other rooms of the establish ment. Their meetings must be held in the house, nor can any business be transacted by them, unless three members at least are present. Those meetings are monthly ; and special meetings may be called, on the requisition of the president, or two vice-presidents, or any three managers ; the president, a vice-president, or a mana ger, may preside on each of these occa sions; and the president, or chairman, is allowed a double vote, when an equal di vision takes place on a question.