LOG-BOOK is a book in which is entered the daily, progress of a ship Ett se.a, with notes on the weather and incidents of the voyage. One log, called the official log, must be kept in every ship, except ships employed exclusively in trading between ports on the coast of Scotland, in the appropriate form for that ship approved by the Board of Trade. Different forms are approved for different classes of ships. This official log may, at the discretion of the master or owner, be kept distinct from or united with the ordinary ship's log, but in all cases the spaces in the official log-book are bound to be properly filled up. An entry duly made in the official log is admissible in evidence in a court of law. Such an entry should be made as soon as * Too much stress cannot be laid upon the fact that this Act must be considered as repealed wherever and so far as the Law of Distress Amendment Act, 1908 (sot out in tile article on DISTRESS in the Appendix to Vol. II.), applies.
possible after the occurrence to which it relates ; and if not made on the same day as that occurrence it should be made and dated so as to show the date of the occurrence and of the entry respecting it ; and if made in respect of an occurrence happening before the arrival of the ship at her final port of discharge it should not be made more than twenty-four hours after that arrival. Every entry must be signed by the master and by the mate, or some other of the crew, and also (a) if it is an entry of illness, injury, or death, should be signed by the surgeon or medical practitioner on board (if any); and (b) if it is an entry of wages due to, or of the sale of the effects of, a seaman or apprentice who dies, must be signed by the mate and by some member of the crew besides the master ; and (c) if it is an entry of wages due to a seaman who enters his Majesty's naval service, should be signed by the seaman or by the officer authorised to receive the seaman into that service. The master of the ship is bound to see that entries are duly made of the following matters :—(1) Every conviction by a legal tribunal of a member of his crew, and the punishment inflicted ; (2) every offence committed by a member of his crew for which it is intended to prosecute, or to enforce a forfeiture, or to exact a fine, together with such statement concerning the copy or reading over of that entry, and concerning the reply (if any) made to the charge, as is required by the Merchant Shipping Act ; (3) every offence for which punishment is inflicted on board, and the punish ment inflicted ; (4) a statement of the conduct, character, and qualifications of each of his crew, or a statement that he declines to give an opinion on these particulars ; (5) every case of illness or injury happening to a member of the crew, with the nature thereof, and the medical treatment adopted (if any); (6) every marriage taking place on board, with the names and ages of the parties ; (7) the name of every seaman or apprentice who ceases to be a member of the crew, otherwise than by death, with the place, time, manner, and cause thereof; (8) the wages due to any seaman who enters his Majesty's naval service during the voyage ; (9) the wages due to any seaman or apprentice who dies during the voyage, and the gross amount of all deductions to be made therefrom ; (10) the sale of the effects of any seaman or apprentice who dies during the voyage, including a statement of each article sold and the sum received for it; (11) every collision with any other ship, and the circumstances under which the same occurred ; and (12) any other matter directed by the Act to be entered ; and boat drill and examination of life-saving appliances. The master of a ship incurs a fine
of .V5 for not properly keeping his official log-book, or if any entry required to be made therein is not made at the time and in the manner prescribed by the law. " If any person makes, or procures to be made, or assists in making any entry in an official log-book in respect of any occur rence happening previously to the arrival of the ship at her final port of discharge more than twenty-four hours after that arrival, he shall for each offence be liable to a fine not exceeding ce30. If any person wilfully destroys or mutilates or renders illegible any entry in an official log-book, or wilfully makes or procures to be made or assists in making a false or fraudulent entry in or omission from an official log-book, he shall in respect of each offence be guilty of a misdemeanour." The master of a foreign going ship, within forty-eight hours after the ship's arrival at her final port of destination in the United Kingdom, or upon the discharge of the crew, whichever first happens, must deliver thf official of the voyage to the superintendent of the mercantile marine office where the crew is dis charged. And the master or owner of a home-trade ship for which an official log is required must, within twenty-one days of the 30th June and the 31st December in every year, deliver the book for the preceding half year to some superintendent in the United Kingdom. The official log must be sent home in the case of a transfer of the ship, and in the event of a loss.