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article, soldier and penalty


MEDALS.—Exhibition.—A penalty of 125 is incurred by any trader who falsely represents that he lias obtained a medal or certificate for the Exhibi tions of 1851 and 1862 in respect of goods or a process for which medals or certificates were awarded at those exhibitions. For a second offence the penalty is .1320 or six months' imprisonment. Like penalties are imposed upon a trader who fitlsely represents that some other trader has obtained such a medal or certificate, or that it has been awarded in respect of goods exposed for sale, or of any process. Imitation of current is a misdemeanour, punishable with a year's hard labour, to make a medal, cast, or coin of a metallic material resembling, or having a device resembling any of the current gold or silver coin of the realm. And so is it an equally grave misdemeanour to have such an article in one's possession for sale, or to offer it for sale, or to sell it. A niedal, cast, or coin is the subject of this offence if only it is so formed that by gilding, silvering, colouring, washing, or other like process, it can be so dealt with as to resemble the current gold and silver coin. Military medals and decorations are the subject of section 156

of the Army Act, 1881. This prohibits any one, on any pretence whatever, Inying, exchanging, taking in pawn, detaining, or' receiving such article§ from a soldier (including an officer) or any person acting on the soldier's behalf. The penalty is a fine of 1'20, together with treble the value of the article dealt with; for a second offence there is an alternative of six months' hard labour. The penalty is also incurred by soliciting or enticing a soldier to sell, exchange, pawn, or give the article away ; or assisting or acting for a soldier in selling, exchanging, pawning, or making away with the article. It is open, however, to a person charged with any of these offences to plead ignorance of the nature of the article; or that he did not know that the party with whom he dealt was a soldier or was acting for one; or that the article was sold by order of a Secretary of State or some competent military authority. Should the magistrate believe either of these pleas the prosecu tion will fail, and the charae must be dismissed. See PAWNBROKER.