MOTOR CARS (see also article on Light Locomotives in Vol. IV.).—The pro visions of the Acts of 1896 and 1903 are contained in this and the previous article. So, too, will be found here the Registration Order, 1903, as to registration and licences ; thelleavy Motor Car Order, 1904, in regard to motor omnibuses and such heavy vehicles of a weight between two and five tons, or with a vehicle attached up to six and a half tons. The Act of 1903 makes it an offence for a person to drive a motor car on a public highway, recklessly or negligently, or to the danger of the public, taking into consideration the traffic actually on or that which might reasonably be expected to be on the highway." A police constable can apprehend without warrant the driver of a car whom he sees committing an of enco under the Acts, if the driver refuses to give his name and address, or to produce his licence, or where the car does not bear marks of identification. Should the driver refuse to give his name and address, or give a false one, the owner is bound to do all he can to help the police to find the driver, otherwise the owner is liable. If a car is used on the public highway without being registered, or the registration mark is not affixed, or obscured, or not easily distinguish able, the driver is liable. But this liability is excluded where the driver proves he did all he could to prevent the registration mark from being obscured ; or that he had no reasonable opportunity of having the car registered, and was driving it on the highway for that purpose. The registration fee is 20s. for a car and 5s. for a motor cycle. Motor car dealers and makers can, for £3, obtain a general identification mark for use on cars being tried. Registration is not the only requisite for the lawful driving of a car on a public highway. The person driving must be licensed at a foe of 5s. This licence requires to be renewed every twelve months, and must be produced to a police constable on demand, under a penalty up to £5. The applicant for a licence must bo
over seventeen years of age for a car, and over fourteen years for a motor bicycle. Only one licence can be granted to each person, to ho in force at ono time. The Court, on a conviction, can suspend the licence, disqualify the person for a period, and also indorse the licence. There is an appeal in cases of imprisonment without a fine, or disqualifica tion from being licensed.
It is an offence for a disqualified person to apply for a licence, or, whore a licence has been indorsed, to apply without disclosing the indorsement ; so is it for any one to forge identification marks or licences. Refusal to stop when an accident takes place, and, if required, give name and address of the driver, and of the owner, and the registered mark of the car, is punishable with a fine of £10 ; second offence, £20 ; third offence, £20 or one month. On roads under sixteen feet in width, the Local Govern ment Board can prohibit motor traffic. The rate of speed under the Act of 1903 is raised to twenty miles an hour, except in scheduled districts, where tho speed is restricted to ten miles an hour ; • the fines for exceeding these speeds are first offence, £10 ; second, £20 ; third, £50 ; but for a conviction on speed only, there must be more than one witness, and the defendant must be warned of the prosecution at the time of the offence, or notice must be sent to the defendant or the owner of the car within a reasonable time, not exceeding twenty-one days. Notice boards are to be sot up showing restricted speed limits, dangerous places, and corners. Any offence under the Act for which no special penalty is provided, is punishable on summary conviction by a fine not exceeding £20, or, in the case of a subsequent offence, to a fine not exceeding £50 or three months imprisonment.